GRB2 couples RhoU to epidermal growth factor receptor signaling and cell migration

Jin San Zhang, Alexander Koenig, Charles Young, Daniel D. Billadeau

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

RhoU is an atypical Rho family member with high homology to CDC42 but containing unique N- and C-terminal extensions. The mechanisms regulating RhoU activation, as well as its downstream effectors, are not fully characterized. We show that after epidermal growth factor (EGF) stimulation RhoU colocalizes with EGF receptor (EGFR) on endosomes, which requires both its N- and C-terminal extension sequences. Moreover, RhoU physically associates with activated EGFR in a GRB2-dependent manner through specific proline-rich motifs within its N-terminus. Mutation of these proline-rich sequences or suppression of GRB2 by RNA interference abrogates the interaction of RhoU with activated EGFR, as well as EGF-stimulated RhoU GTP binding. In addition, RhoU is involved in EGFR-mediated signaling, leading to AP1 transcriptional activity and cell migration in pancreatic cancer cells, events that require its interaction with the Grb2-EGFR complex. Taken together, the data suggest a unique regulatory mechanism by which RhoU interaction with SH3 adaptor proteins might serve to integrate growth factor receptor signaling with RhoU activation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2119-2130
Number of pages12
JournalMolecular biology of the cell
Volume22
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 15 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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