Graft loss and poor outcomes after living-donor liver transplantation owing to arterioportal shunts caused by liver needle biopsies

T. Hori, M. Ueda, F. Oike, Y. Ogura, K. Ogawa, Justin H Nguyen, Y. Yonekawa, Y. Takada, H. Egawa, A. Yoshizawa, L. Sibulesky, D. Balci, F. Chen, A. M T Baine, S. Uemoto

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Abstract

Background Arterioportal shunts (APS) are well-known critical complications after liver transplantation (OLT). The aims of this study were to assess the frequency and causes of APS after OLT and to analyze APS patients with poor outcomes. Patients We evaluated 1415 OLT recipients retrospectively investigating APS cases. Results APS were detected in at least 9 patients (0.6%). All patients with APS had a history of posttransplant invasive procedures; percutaneous transhepatic cholangio drainage (n = 6) or needle biopsy (LNB; n = 3). Two patients with poor outcomes showed proximal APS caused by LNBs. The other 7 patients with distal APSs, showed stable conditions. Imaging findings in the 2 proximal APS patients revealed drastic changes in graft hemodynamics. Although they finally underwent re-OLT, their outcomes were poor, owing to fatal complications associated with advanced collaterals. Conclusion We concluded that even careful LNBs can cause APS at unexpected points. Earlier, more aggressive treatments are required, especially for proximal APS patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2642-2644
Number of pages3
JournalTransplantation Proceedings
Volume42
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2010

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Transplantation

Cite this

Hori, T., Ueda, M., Oike, F., Ogura, Y., Ogawa, K., Nguyen, J. H., Yonekawa, Y., Takada, Y., Egawa, H., Yoshizawa, A., Sibulesky, L., Balci, D., Chen, F., Baine, A. M. T., & Uemoto, S. (2010). Graft loss and poor outcomes after living-donor liver transplantation owing to arterioportal shunts caused by liver needle biopsies. Transplantation Proceedings, 42(7), 2642-2644. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.transproceed.2010.04.032