Glycogen storage disease type IV (GSD IV, Andersen disease) is a rare autosomal recessive condition. The childhood neuromuscular subtype of GSD IV is characterised by a progressive skeletal myopathy with cardiomyopathy also reported in some individuals. We report a case of a 19-year-old man who presented with severe non-ischaemic dilated cardiomyopathy (NIDCM) necessitating heart transplantation, with biopsy showing aggregations of polyglucosan bodies in cardiac myocytes. He had no signs or symptoms of muscle weakness, liver dysfunction or neurologic involvement. A homozygous GBE1 c.607C>A (p.His203Asn) variant was identified. Our case is unusual in that our patient presented with an isolated NIDCM in the absence of other clinical manifestations of GSD IV. This case highlights the importance of considering storage disorders in young adults presenting with isolated NIDCM of unknown aetiology. It also emphasises the potential synergy between histopathological evaluation and genomic testing in enhancing diagnostic certainty.
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