Glycan components in the glycoinositol phospholipid anchor of human erythrocyte acetylcholinesterase. Novel fragments produced by trifluoroacetic acid

M. A. Deeg, D. R. Humphrey, Hua Yang Shun Hua Yang, T. R. Ferguson, V. N. Reinhold, T. L. Rosenberry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

79 Scopus citations


Inositol glycans were prepared from reductively radiomethylated human erythrocyte acetylcholinesterase by sequential treatment with Proteinase K, methanolic KOH, and phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C. Four glycans denoted α-δ were resolved by anion exchange high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Each glycan was subjected to hydrolysis in 4 M trifluoroacetic acid, and their hexose and hexose phosphate compositions were determined by anion exchange HPLC. The predominant glycan α showed a relative stoichiometry of 2 mannoses, 1 mannose 6-phosphate, 1 radiomethylated glucosamine, 1 radiomethylated ethanolamine, and 1 inositol. In contrast, the stoichiometry of glycan β was 1 mannose, 2 mannose 6- phosphates, 1 radiomethylated glucosamine, 2 radiomethylated ethanolamines, and 1 inositol. Glycans α and β were analyzed by electrospray ionization- mass spectrometry, and respective parent ions of m/z 1266 and 1417 were observed. The fragmentation pattern produced by collision-induced dissociation mass spectrometry of these parent ions was consistent with a common linear core glycan sequence prior to radiomethylation of ethanolamine- phosphate-mannose - mannose - mannose - glucosamine - inositol. Glycan α contained a single additional radiomethylated phosphoethanolamine branching from the mannose adjacent to glucosamine, whereas glycan β contained two additional radiomethylated phosphoethanolamines, one branching from each of the mannoses nearest to glucosamine. Trifluoroacetic acid hydrolysis did not cleave within the N,N-dimethylglucosamine-inositol-phosphate moiety in these glycans, and this component was resolved by anion exchange HPLC and structurally confirmed by mass spectrometry. Dephosphorylation of this component by treatment with 50% HF produced N,N-dimethylglucosamine-inositol, and this conjugate was shown to have a characteristic elution time on cation exchange chromatography in an amino acid analyzer. Both of these fragments involving an intact radiomethylated glucosamine-inositol bond are proposed as new diagnostic indicators in the search for minor glycoinositol phospholipids in cells and tissues.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)18573-18580
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number26
StatePublished - 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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