Inositol glycans were prepared from reductively radiomethylated human erythrocyte acetylcholinesterase by sequential treatment with Proteinase K, methanolic KOH, and phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C. Four glycans denoted α-δ were resolved by anion exchange high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Each glycan was subjected to hydrolysis in 4 M trifluoroacetic acid, and their hexose and hexose phosphate compositions were determined by anion exchange HPLC. The predominant glycan α showed a relative stoichiometry of 2 mannoses, 1 mannose 6-phosphate, 1 radiomethylated glucosamine, 1 radiomethylated ethanolamine, and 1 inositol. In contrast, the stoichiometry of glycan β was 1 mannose, 2 mannose 6- phosphates, 1 radiomethylated glucosamine, 2 radiomethylated ethanolamines, and 1 inositol. Glycans α and β were analyzed by electrospray ionization- mass spectrometry, and respective parent ions of m/z 1266 and 1417 were observed. The fragmentation pattern produced by collision-induced dissociation mass spectrometry of these parent ions was consistent with a common linear core glycan sequence prior to radiomethylation of ethanolamine- phosphate-mannose - mannose - mannose - glucosamine - inositol. Glycan α contained a single additional radiomethylated phosphoethanolamine branching from the mannose adjacent to glucosamine, whereas glycan β contained two additional radiomethylated phosphoethanolamines, one branching from each of the mannoses nearest to glucosamine. Trifluoroacetic acid hydrolysis did not cleave within the N,N-dimethylglucosamine-inositol-phosphate moiety in these glycans, and this component was resolved by anion exchange HPLC and structurally confirmed by mass spectrometry. Dephosphorylation of this component by treatment with 50% HF produced N,N-dimethylglucosamine-inositol, and this conjugate was shown to have a characteristic elution time on cation exchange chromatography in an amino acid analyzer. Both of these fragments involving an intact radiomethylated glucosamine-inositol bond are proposed as new diagnostic indicators in the search for minor glycoinositol phospholipids in cells and tissues.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1992|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology