Glucocorticoid Insensitivity of PI 798 Lymphoma Cells Is Associated with Production of a Factor That Attenuates the Lytic Response

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Abstract

PI 798 murine lymphoma cells die when exposed to glucocorticoids in vivo. Such cells are sensitive to glucocorticoids in culture in serum-free medium, and 80-90% of wild type cells will die within 24 h after addition of 0.1 nM dexamethasone. However, addition of fetal bovine serum prevents cell death in culture. Variants that were selected for resistance to the cytolytic effects of glucocorticoids in vivo are relatively insensitive to dexamethasone in culture. Insensitive variants die more slowly than wild type cells, with 10-20% cell death observed within 24 h after addition of dexamethasone. Conditioned medium from insensitive cultures protects wild type PI 798 cells from dexamethasone in serum-free medium. Such medium contains one or more factors that attenuate the lytic response. This lysis resistance factor(s) has the properties of a protein and may be a growth factor. Expression of the lysis resistance factor(s) appears to be regulated by glucocorticoids. These studies define an heretofore uncharacterized mechanism whereby the ability of malignant lymphoid cells to elaborate and/or respond to an autocrine factor(s) influences the extent to which such cells die when exposed to glucocorticoids in culture and probably in vivo.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5551-5556
Number of pages6
JournalCancer research
Volume51
Issue number20
StatePublished - Oct 1991

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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