Glial fibrillary acidic protein and CD57 immunolocalization in cell block preparations is a useful adjunct in the diagnosis of pleomorphic adenoma

Sejal S. Shah, Vishal S. Chandan, David C. Wilbur, Kamal K. Khurana

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

• Context. - The cytologic distinction between pleomorphic adenoma (PA) and adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) can be diagnostically challenging in aspirate smears. Hence a cytologic diagnosis of "atypical cytology" with a differential diagnosis including PA and ACC is occasionally rendered in a subset of salivary gland fine-needle aspirations. Objective. - To evaluate the role of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and CD57 expression in cell block material obtained during fine-needle aspiration procedure in differentiating PA from ACC. Design. - We performed GFAP and CD57 immunostains on formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded cell block sections of 26 salivary gland fine-needle aspiration cases with the following cytologic diagnoses: (1) PA (10 cases); (2) atypical cytology, cannot exclude ACC (8 cases); and (3) ACC (8 cases). Results. - All 10 (100%) cases with cytologic diagnoses of PA were positive for GFAP, and 8 (80%) of 10 cases were positive for CD57; tissue follow-up confirmed the diagnosis of PA in all cases. All 8 (100%) cases with cytologic diagnosis of ACC were negative for both GFAP and CD57; tissue follow-up confirmed the diagnoses of ACC in all cases. Of the 8 cases with diagnoses of atypical cytology, 4 (50%) were negative and 4 (50%) were positive for both GFAP and CD57. Subsequent tissue follow-up in these cases revealed 4 cases of ACC (all negative for GFAP and CD57) and 4 cases of PA (all positive for GFAP and CD57). Conclusions. - Our results show that positive staining for GFAP and CD57 serves as a useful adjunct for the diagnosis of PA and helps to reduce the uncertainty in challenging cases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1373-1377
Number of pages5
JournalArchives of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine
Volume131
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 1 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Medical Laboratory Technology

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