• Context. - The cytologic distinction between pleomorphic adenoma (PA) and adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) can be diagnostically challenging in aspirate smears. Hence a cytologic diagnosis of "atypical cytology" with a differential diagnosis including PA and ACC is occasionally rendered in a subset of salivary gland fine-needle aspirations. Objective. - To evaluate the role of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and CD57 expression in cell block material obtained during fine-needle aspiration procedure in differentiating PA from ACC. Design. - We performed GFAP and CD57 immunostains on formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded cell block sections of 26 salivary gland fine-needle aspiration cases with the following cytologic diagnoses: (1) PA (10 cases); (2) atypical cytology, cannot exclude ACC (8 cases); and (3) ACC (8 cases). Results. - All 10 (100%) cases with cytologic diagnoses of PA were positive for GFAP, and 8 (80%) of 10 cases were positive for CD57; tissue follow-up confirmed the diagnosis of PA in all cases. All 8 (100%) cases with cytologic diagnosis of ACC were negative for both GFAP and CD57; tissue follow-up confirmed the diagnoses of ACC in all cases. Of the 8 cases with diagnoses of atypical cytology, 4 (50%) were negative and 4 (50%) were positive for both GFAP and CD57. Subsequent tissue follow-up in these cases revealed 4 cases of ACC (all negative for GFAP and CD57) and 4 cases of PA (all positive for GFAP and CD57). Conclusions. - Our results show that positive staining for GFAP and CD57 serves as a useful adjunct for the diagnosis of PA and helps to reduce the uncertainty in challenging cases.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Archives of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine|
|State||Published - Sep 1 2007|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Medical Laboratory Technology