Internalization and subsequent trafficking of receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) play an important role in the modulation of growth factor-stimulated signaling events that affect different cellular processes, from cell growth and mitosis to motility and invasion. The intracellular transport of these receptors has traditionally been viewed as being initiated via clathrin-coated pits. However, nonclathrin pathways have been implicated as well, although these remain poorly understood. Most recently, the formation of dynamic, transient endocytic membrane structures termed circular dorsal ruffles or "dorsal waves" have been reported to selectively sequester and internalize a large percentage of a specific RTK from the surface of growth factor-stimulated cells. This process is dependent on dynamin and cortactin, two endocytic proteins that are also associated with the actin cytoskeleton, whereas it is independent of traditional coat proteins, such as clathrin and caveolin. Additionally, dorsal wave formation requires the participation and remodeling of a dynamic actin cytoskeleton. Most importantly, the formation of these structures may be less frequent in tumor cells and thereby have significant effects on receptor signaling and cell growth.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research