Patients with germinal center B cell-like (GCB) and non-GCB diffuse large B cell lymphomas (DLBCL) receiving first line therapy have distinct prognosis. We explored the differences in outcome following salvage autologous hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) transplantation between patients with GCB and non-GCB DLBCL. Forty-four patients with relapsed and 15 patients with primary refractory chemosensitive disease undergoing BEAM (BCNU [carmustine], etoposide, cytarabine, melphalan) conditioning and autologous HSC were included. Immunohistochemical analysis was performed for CD10, BCL-6, MUM1 (allowing classification into GCB and non-GCB-like DLBCL) and BCL-2. Median follow-up of survivors was 25 months; median age at the time of transplantation was 60 years (range 17-77). Thirty-two patients (54%) were classified as having GCB and 27 (46%) as having non-GCB-like DLBCL. Patients with GCB and non-GCB DLBCL did not differ in the risk of progression after HSC transplant (P = 0.78) or overall survival (P = 0.48). In multivariate analysis, only time to progression after initial treatment impacted overall survival. We conclude that patients with relapsed or primary refractory chemosensitive GCB and non-GCB-like DLBCL derive similar benefit from autologous HSC transplant.
- Diffuse large B cell lymphoma
- Germinal centre
- Salvage therapy
- Stem cell transplantation
ASJC Scopus subject areas