OBJECTIVES: This study assessed the geographical differences in target vessel revascularization (TVR) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in the Prevention of Restenosis With Tranilast and its Outcomes (PRESTO) trial. BACKGROUND: An aggressive approach to PCI is more common in the U.S. than in other countries. The impact of this approach on restenosis outcomes has not been studied. METHODS: Using the PRESTO trial, we compared nine-month ischemic TVR after PCI in U.S.-treated patients (n = 5,026) with rates in other countries (n = 6,458). We defined TVR as repeat intervention for chest pain/positive stress test. Additionally, angiographic restenosis (<50% narrowing or <50% loss of gain at nine-month follow-up) was compared between U.S. and non-U.S. patients within the prespecified angiographic subset (n = 2,823). Regression models were developed to adjust for clinical and lesion-related characteristics. RESULTS: Higher rates of TVR (18% vs. 11%), and angiographic restenosis (65% vs. 48%) were observed in patients treated in the U.S. as compared with the other patients (p < 0.01 for both comparisons). Patients treated in the U.S. were more likely to be female, diabetic, not currently smoking, to have unstable angina, and to have a prior PCI. In U.S. patients, lesions tended to be longer, but less likely to be American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association class C. After adjusting for clinical and angiographic variables, PCI in the U.S. was still associated with increased angiographic restenosis and ischemic TVR. CONCLUSIONS: Angiographic restenosis and ischemia-driven TVR rates were higher in patients treated in the U.S. The difference could only partially be explained by the higher prevalence of measured adverse clinical and angiographic features.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine