Genetic Variant Associated With Survival of Patients With Stage II-III Colon Cancer

Kathryn L. Penney, Barbara L. Banbury, Stephanie Bien, Tabitha A. Harrison, Xinwei Hua, Amanda I. Phipps, Wei Sun, Mingyang Song, Amit D. Joshi, Steven R. Alberts, Carmen J. Allegra, James Atkins, Linda H. Colangelo, Thomas J. George, Richard M. Goldberg, Peter C. Lucas, Suresh G. Nair, Qian Shi, Frank A. Sinicrope, Norman WolmarkGreg Yothers, Ulrike Peters, Polly A. Newcomb, Andrew T. Chan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background & Aims: Many genetic variants have been associated with colorectal cancer risk, although few have been associated with survival times of patients. Identification of genetic variants associated with survival times might improve our understanding of disease progression and aid in outcome prediction. We performed a genome-wide association study to identify variants associated with colon cancer survival time. Methods: We performed a post hoc analysis of data from NCCTG N0147 (Alliance), a randomized phase 3 trial of patients with resected stage III colon cancer, and from NSABP C-08 (NRG), a phase 3 trial that compared therapy regimens for patients with resected stage II or III colon cancer. Genotype analyses were performed on DNA from blood samples from 4974 patients. We used Cox proportional hazards regression to evaluate the association of each single nucleotide polymorphism with times of overall survival and disease-free survival, adjusting for age at diagnosis, sex, treatment group, and principal components of genetic ancestry. We performed the analysis for studies N0147 and C-08 separately, and results were combined in a fixed-effects meta-analysis. Results: A locus on chromosome 7p15.2 was significantly associated with overall survival time (P ≤ 5x10–08). The most significant variant at this locus, rs76766811 (P = 1.6x10–08), is common among African Americans (minor allele frequency, approximately 18%) but rare in European Americans (minor allele frequency <0.1%). Within strata of self-reported ancestry, this variant was associated with times of overall survival and disease-free survival in only African Americans (hazard ratio for overall survival, 2.82; 95% CI, 1.88–4.23; P = 5.0x10–07 and hazard ratio for disease-free survival, 2.27; 95% CI, 1.62–3.18; P = 1.8x10–06). Conclusions: In an analysis of data from 2 trials of patients with stage II or III colon cancer, we identified rs76766811 as a potential prognostic variant in African American patients. This finding should be confirmed in additional study populations. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifiers: NCT00096278 (NSABP C-08) and NCT00079274 (NCCTG N0147).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2717-2723.e3
JournalClinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Volume18
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2020

Keywords

  • DFS
  • GWAS
  • NCCTG N0147
  • NSABP C-08

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology

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