Generation of histocompatible tissues using nuclear transplantation

Robert P. Lanza, Ho Yun Chung, James J. Yoo, Peter J. Wettstein, Catherine Blackwell, Nancy Borson, Erik Hofmeister, Gunter Schuch, Shay Soker, Carlos T. Moraes, Michael D. West, Anthony Atala

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

315 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nuclear transplantation (therapeutic cloning) could theoretically provide a limitless source of cells for regenerative therapy. Although the cloned cells would carry the nuclear genome of the patient, the presence of mitochondria inherited from the recipient oocyte raises questions about the histocompatibility of the resulting cells. In this study, we created bioengineered tissues from cardiac, skeletal muscle, and renal cells cloned from adult bovine fibroblasts. Long-term viability was demonstrated after transplantation of the grafts into the nuclear donor animals. Reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR) and western blot analysis confirmed that the cloned tissues expressed tissue-specific mRNA and proteins while expressing a different mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplotype. In addition to creating skeletal muscle and cardiac "patches", nuclear transplantation was used to generate functioning renal units that produced urinelike fluid and demonstrated unidirectional secretion and concentration of urea nitrogen and creatinine. Examination of the explanted renal devices revealed formation of organized glomeruli- and tubule-like structures. Delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) testing in vivo and Elispot analysis in vitro suggested that there was no rejection response to the cloned renal cells. The ability to generate histocompatible cells using cloning techniques addresses one of the major challenges in transplantation medicine.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)689-696
Number of pages8
JournalNature Biotechnology
Volume20
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002

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Nuclear Transfer Techniques
Transplantation (surgical)
Cloning
Tissue
Kidney
Muscle
Organism Cloning
Skeletal Muscle
Mitochondria
Transplantation
Transcription
Fibroblasts
Mitochondrial DNA
Grafts
Urea
Histocompatibility
Medicine
Creatinine
Delayed Hypersensitivity
Animals

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology

Cite this

Lanza, R. P., Chung, H. Y., Yoo, J. J., Wettstein, P. J., Blackwell, C., Borson, N., ... Atala, A. (2002). Generation of histocompatible tissues using nuclear transplantation. Nature Biotechnology, 20(7), 689-696. https://doi.org/10.1038/nbt703

Generation of histocompatible tissues using nuclear transplantation. / Lanza, Robert P.; Chung, Ho Yun; Yoo, James J.; Wettstein, Peter J.; Blackwell, Catherine; Borson, Nancy; Hofmeister, Erik; Schuch, Gunter; Soker, Shay; Moraes, Carlos T.; West, Michael D.; Atala, Anthony.

In: Nature Biotechnology, Vol. 20, No. 7, 2002, p. 689-696.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lanza, RP, Chung, HY, Yoo, JJ, Wettstein, PJ, Blackwell, C, Borson, N, Hofmeister, E, Schuch, G, Soker, S, Moraes, CT, West, MD & Atala, A 2002, 'Generation of histocompatible tissues using nuclear transplantation', Nature Biotechnology, vol. 20, no. 7, pp. 689-696. https://doi.org/10.1038/nbt703
Lanza RP, Chung HY, Yoo JJ, Wettstein PJ, Blackwell C, Borson N et al. Generation of histocompatible tissues using nuclear transplantation. Nature Biotechnology. 2002;20(7):689-696. https://doi.org/10.1038/nbt703
Lanza, Robert P. ; Chung, Ho Yun ; Yoo, James J. ; Wettstein, Peter J. ; Blackwell, Catherine ; Borson, Nancy ; Hofmeister, Erik ; Schuch, Gunter ; Soker, Shay ; Moraes, Carlos T. ; West, Michael D. ; Atala, Anthony. / Generation of histocompatible tissues using nuclear transplantation. In: Nature Biotechnology. 2002 ; Vol. 20, No. 7. pp. 689-696.
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