Gender-specific differences in serum immunoglobulin e levels and prevalence of fungus in sinonasal tissue noted in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis who underwent endoscopic sinus surgery

Antoine Azar, Matthew A Rank, Matthew A. Zarka, Yu Hui Chang, Devyani Lal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: We previously presented that women with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) who elected endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) have a higher symptom burden than men. Causes of these gender-based differences warranted further study. Objectives: To study gender differences in another cohort of adult patients with CRS who underwent ESS and to compare key histopathologic and serologic features Methods: Patients with CRS who underwent ESS (from 2011 to 2014) with structured histopathology reports on surgical samples were studied. The 13-item structured histopathology report detailed key metrics of inflammation and the presence of fungal elements. Clinical, 22-item Sino-Nasal Outcome Test (SNOT-22) score, Lund-Mackay computed tomography (CT) score, serologic (immunoglobulin E [IgE] level, absolute eosinophil count) and histopathologic data were compared between male and female patients by using statistical software. Results: We studied 130 eligible subjects (mean age, 54.7 years; 49.2% women). Compared with the men, the women had significantly higher preoperative SNOT-22 scores (women, 48.7; men 38.0 [p = 0.004]) but similar CT scores. Serum IgE levels were significantly higher among women versus men (peak, 433.3 versus 190.8 kU/L [p = 0.03]; closest to surgery, 435.0 versus 190.8 kU/L [p = 0.03]). Tissue fungal elements were significantly more prevalent in women versus men (19.0 versus 5.2%; p = 0.02). Up to this point, the analysis was agnostic of clinical details of the subjects. Further analysis was conducted regarding clinical features. Allergic fungal sinusitis (AFS) was found significantly more commonly in the female versus male patients (21.9 versus 9.1%; p = 0.04). Women versus men had a higher prevalence of migraine (19.4 versus 4.6%; p = 0.01) or any primary headache disorders (23.0 versus 6.2%; p = 0.007). Conclusion: Women who underwent ESS for CRS had higher SNOT-22 symptom burden. Worsened symptomatology may be secondary to a higher prevalence of primary headache disorders in women. However, surgeons should also be aware that female patients with CRS who seek ESS may have a higher prevalence of severe disease endotypes (more tissue fungal elements, elevated serum IgE levels) and phenotypes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)370-375
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Rhinology and Allergy
Volume31
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2017

Fingerprint

Immunoglobulins
Fungi
Serum
Primary Headache Disorders
Immunoglobulin E
Tomography
Sinusitis
Migraine Disorders
Nose
Eosinophils
Software
Inflammation
Phenotype

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Otorhinolaryngology

Cite this

@article{996a70626452465196ca304a7cd716dd,
title = "Gender-specific differences in serum immunoglobulin e levels and prevalence of fungus in sinonasal tissue noted in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis who underwent endoscopic sinus surgery",
abstract = "Background: We previously presented that women with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) who elected endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) have a higher symptom burden than men. Causes of these gender-based differences warranted further study. Objectives: To study gender differences in another cohort of adult patients with CRS who underwent ESS and to compare key histopathologic and serologic features Methods: Patients with CRS who underwent ESS (from 2011 to 2014) with structured histopathology reports on surgical samples were studied. The 13-item structured histopathology report detailed key metrics of inflammation and the presence of fungal elements. Clinical, 22-item Sino-Nasal Outcome Test (SNOT-22) score, Lund-Mackay computed tomography (CT) score, serologic (immunoglobulin E [IgE] level, absolute eosinophil count) and histopathologic data were compared between male and female patients by using statistical software. Results: We studied 130 eligible subjects (mean age, 54.7 years; 49.2{\%} women). Compared with the men, the women had significantly higher preoperative SNOT-22 scores (women, 48.7; men 38.0 [p = 0.004]) but similar CT scores. Serum IgE levels were significantly higher among women versus men (peak, 433.3 versus 190.8 kU/L [p = 0.03]; closest to surgery, 435.0 versus 190.8 kU/L [p = 0.03]). Tissue fungal elements were significantly more prevalent in women versus men (19.0 versus 5.2{\%}; p = 0.02). Up to this point, the analysis was agnostic of clinical details of the subjects. Further analysis was conducted regarding clinical features. Allergic fungal sinusitis (AFS) was found significantly more commonly in the female versus male patients (21.9 versus 9.1{\%}; p = 0.04). Women versus men had a higher prevalence of migraine (19.4 versus 4.6{\%}; p = 0.01) or any primary headache disorders (23.0 versus 6.2{\%}; p = 0.007). Conclusion: Women who underwent ESS for CRS had higher SNOT-22 symptom burden. Worsened symptomatology may be secondary to a higher prevalence of primary headache disorders in women. However, surgeons should also be aware that female patients with CRS who seek ESS may have a higher prevalence of severe disease endotypes (more tissue fungal elements, elevated serum IgE levels) and phenotypes.",
author = "Antoine Azar and Rank, {Matthew A} and Zarka, {Matthew A.} and Chang, {Yu Hui} and Devyani Lal",
year = "2017",
month = "11",
day = "1",
doi = "10.2500/ajra.2017.31.4471",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "31",
pages = "370--375",
journal = "American Journal of Rhinology and Allergy",
issn = "1945-8924",
publisher = "OceanSide Publications Inc.",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Gender-specific differences in serum immunoglobulin e levels and prevalence of fungus in sinonasal tissue noted in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis who underwent endoscopic sinus surgery

AU - Azar, Antoine

AU - Rank, Matthew A

AU - Zarka, Matthew A.

AU - Chang, Yu Hui

AU - Lal, Devyani

PY - 2017/11/1

Y1 - 2017/11/1

N2 - Background: We previously presented that women with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) who elected endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) have a higher symptom burden than men. Causes of these gender-based differences warranted further study. Objectives: To study gender differences in another cohort of adult patients with CRS who underwent ESS and to compare key histopathologic and serologic features Methods: Patients with CRS who underwent ESS (from 2011 to 2014) with structured histopathology reports on surgical samples were studied. The 13-item structured histopathology report detailed key metrics of inflammation and the presence of fungal elements. Clinical, 22-item Sino-Nasal Outcome Test (SNOT-22) score, Lund-Mackay computed tomography (CT) score, serologic (immunoglobulin E [IgE] level, absolute eosinophil count) and histopathologic data were compared between male and female patients by using statistical software. Results: We studied 130 eligible subjects (mean age, 54.7 years; 49.2% women). Compared with the men, the women had significantly higher preoperative SNOT-22 scores (women, 48.7; men 38.0 [p = 0.004]) but similar CT scores. Serum IgE levels were significantly higher among women versus men (peak, 433.3 versus 190.8 kU/L [p = 0.03]; closest to surgery, 435.0 versus 190.8 kU/L [p = 0.03]). Tissue fungal elements were significantly more prevalent in women versus men (19.0 versus 5.2%; p = 0.02). Up to this point, the analysis was agnostic of clinical details of the subjects. Further analysis was conducted regarding clinical features. Allergic fungal sinusitis (AFS) was found significantly more commonly in the female versus male patients (21.9 versus 9.1%; p = 0.04). Women versus men had a higher prevalence of migraine (19.4 versus 4.6%; p = 0.01) or any primary headache disorders (23.0 versus 6.2%; p = 0.007). Conclusion: Women who underwent ESS for CRS had higher SNOT-22 symptom burden. Worsened symptomatology may be secondary to a higher prevalence of primary headache disorders in women. However, surgeons should also be aware that female patients with CRS who seek ESS may have a higher prevalence of severe disease endotypes (more tissue fungal elements, elevated serum IgE levels) and phenotypes.

AB - Background: We previously presented that women with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) who elected endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) have a higher symptom burden than men. Causes of these gender-based differences warranted further study. Objectives: To study gender differences in another cohort of adult patients with CRS who underwent ESS and to compare key histopathologic and serologic features Methods: Patients with CRS who underwent ESS (from 2011 to 2014) with structured histopathology reports on surgical samples were studied. The 13-item structured histopathology report detailed key metrics of inflammation and the presence of fungal elements. Clinical, 22-item Sino-Nasal Outcome Test (SNOT-22) score, Lund-Mackay computed tomography (CT) score, serologic (immunoglobulin E [IgE] level, absolute eosinophil count) and histopathologic data were compared between male and female patients by using statistical software. Results: We studied 130 eligible subjects (mean age, 54.7 years; 49.2% women). Compared with the men, the women had significantly higher preoperative SNOT-22 scores (women, 48.7; men 38.0 [p = 0.004]) but similar CT scores. Serum IgE levels were significantly higher among women versus men (peak, 433.3 versus 190.8 kU/L [p = 0.03]; closest to surgery, 435.0 versus 190.8 kU/L [p = 0.03]). Tissue fungal elements were significantly more prevalent in women versus men (19.0 versus 5.2%; p = 0.02). Up to this point, the analysis was agnostic of clinical details of the subjects. Further analysis was conducted regarding clinical features. Allergic fungal sinusitis (AFS) was found significantly more commonly in the female versus male patients (21.9 versus 9.1%; p = 0.04). Women versus men had a higher prevalence of migraine (19.4 versus 4.6%; p = 0.01) or any primary headache disorders (23.0 versus 6.2%; p = 0.007). Conclusion: Women who underwent ESS for CRS had higher SNOT-22 symptom burden. Worsened symptomatology may be secondary to a higher prevalence of primary headache disorders in women. However, surgeons should also be aware that female patients with CRS who seek ESS may have a higher prevalence of severe disease endotypes (more tissue fungal elements, elevated serum IgE levels) and phenotypes.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85034971670&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85034971670&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.2500/ajra.2017.31.4471

DO - 10.2500/ajra.2017.31.4471

M3 - Article

C2 - 29122081

AN - SCOPUS:85034971670

VL - 31

SP - 370

EP - 375

JO - American Journal of Rhinology and Allergy

JF - American Journal of Rhinology and Allergy

SN - 1945-8924

IS - 6

ER -