Gemcitabine and oxaliplatin for patients with advanced or metastatic pancreatic cancer: A North Central Cancer Treatment Group (NCCTG) phase I study

Steven Robert Alberts, P. M. Townley, R. M. Goldberg, S. S. Cha, D. F. Moore, J. E. Krook, Henry Clement Pitot, T. R. Fitch, M. Wiesenfeld, J. A. Mailliard, D. J. Sargent

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25 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The study was performed to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of gemcitabine and oxaliplatin in patients with advanced or metastatic pancreatic adenocarcinoma (ACA). Patients and methods: Pancreatic ACA patients, with previously untreated advanced or metastatic disease, were enrolled in a dose escalation study of gemcitabine and oxaliplatin. Oxaliplatin was given intravenously on day 1 and gemcitabine intravenously on days 1 and 8 of a 3-week cycle. Doses of both drugs were increased with sequential cohorts of patients until dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) was observed. Results: A total of 18 patients were enrolled to three dose levels. DLT of neutropenia and a severe infection was noted at a dose of gemcitabine 1250 mg/m2 and oxaliplatin 130 mg/m2. Hematological toxicity and nausea and vomiting were the most common grade 3/4 toxicities. The MTD, gemcitabine 1000 mg/m2 and oxaliplatin 100 mg/m2, was well tolerated. Three confirmed responses were seen. Conclusions: The MTD of gemcitabine and oxaliplatin in patients with pancreatic ACA was determined. A phase II study of this combination is ongoing and will be reported separately at a later date.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)553-557
Number of pages5
JournalAnnals of Oncology
Volume13
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002

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Keywords

  • Gemcitabine
  • Oxaliplatin
  • Pancreatic cancer
  • Phase I

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Cite this

Alberts, S. R., Townley, P. M., Goldberg, R. M., Cha, S. S., Moore, D. F., Krook, J. E., Pitot, H. C., Fitch, T. R., Wiesenfeld, M., Mailliard, J. A., & Sargent, D. J. (2002). Gemcitabine and oxaliplatin for patients with advanced or metastatic pancreatic cancer: A North Central Cancer Treatment Group (NCCTG) phase I study. Annals of Oncology, 13(4), 553-557. https://doi.org/10.1093/annonc/mdf062