Gastrointestinal mucormycosis in immunocompromised hosts

M. Veronica Dioverti, Kelly A. Cawcutt, Maheen Abidi, M. Rizwan Sohail, Randall C. Walker, Douglas R. Osmon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

Invasive mucormycosis is a rare fungal infection in immunocompromised hosts, but it carries a high mortality rate. Primary gastrointestinal disease is the least frequent form of presentation. Early diagnosis and treatment are critical in the management; however, symptoms are typically non-specific in gastrointestinal disease, leading to delayed therapy. To describe the clinical presentation, diagnosis, treatment and outcomes of gastrointestinal mucormycosis in immunocompromised hosts, we reviewed all cases of primary gastrointestinal mucormycosis in immunocompromised hosts reported in English literature as well as in our Institution from January 1st 1991 to December 31st 2013 for a total of 31 patients. About 52% of patients underwent solid organ transplant (SOT), while the rest had an underlying haematologic malignancy. Abdominal pain was the most common presenting symptom, followed by gastrointestinal bleeding and fever. Gastric disease was more common in SOT, whereas those with haematologic malignancy presented with intestinal disease (P = 0.002). Although gastrointestinal mucormycosis remains an uncommon condition in immunocompromised hosts, it carries significant morbidity and mortality, particularly in cases with intestinal involvement. A high index of suspicion is of utmost importance to institute early and appropriate therapy and improve outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)714-718
Number of pages5
JournalMycoses
Volume58
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2015

Keywords

  • Fungal infections
  • Immunocompromised
  • Mucormycosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology
  • Infectious Diseases

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    Dioverti, M. V., Cawcutt, K. A., Abidi, M., Sohail, M. R., Walker, R. C., & Osmon, D. R. (2015). Gastrointestinal mucormycosis in immunocompromised hosts. Mycoses, 58(12), 714-718. https://doi.org/10.1111/myc.12419