PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To quantify direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) related gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB), characterize patients at greatest risk and provide a pragmatic approach for the management of these drugs. This review will also summarize risk-management strategies and highlight evolving areas of clinical knowledge. RECENT FINDINGS: DOACs permit anticoagulation with predictable dosing without the need for routine serum monitoring. Since their availability on the market, they have quickly emerged as a popular alternative for patients requiring short-term and lifelong anticoagulation. However, they are associated with an increased risk of GIB when compared with warfarin; thus, gastroenterologists must be prepared to manage DOAC-related GIB and prevent drug-related complications. This review will focus on acute and elective periendoscopic DOAC management, high-risk clinical groups for DOAC-related GIB, quantification of DOAC levels, use of reversal agents and minimization of thromboembolic risk associated with temporary interruption. SUMMARY: This review will highlight pragmatic strategies for the treatment of DOAC-related bleeding and the prevention of postendoscopic DOAC bleeding. It will address new and evolving areas of periendoscopic management and identify knowledge gaps requiring further research to inform clinical practice.
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