Sparse array (SA) is an approach to reduce the number of system channels. However, SA suffers from grating lobe (GL) artefacts due to the sparsity of array aperture resulting in degradation of the ultrasound image quality. Based on a given or known data sets of radio frequency (RF) echo acquired from active elements of an array, RF echo data in unknown and/or inactive elements of array can be created virtually and used to suppress the GL artefact in SA. This letter presents gap-filling (GF) approaches to generate channel data, which are not physically acquired. It is demonstrated that the proposed GF technique can reduce the artefacts of SA by filling the gaps in the array aperture. Simulation results show that the GF technique can suppress the GL level of SA by up to 16 dB. Also, the GF technique can improve the image quality of fully sampled arrays with small number of active elements.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
- Acoustics and Ultrasonics