Gallstones

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

In health, the gallbladder concentrates bile tenfold for efficient storage during fasting. Intraduodenal protein and fat release cholecystokinin, which stimulates contraction of the gallbladder, relaxation of the sphincter of Oddi, and flow of bile to the intestine. More than 90% of bile acids are actively absorbed in the terminal ileum. This enterohepatic circulation cycles 4 to 12 times per day, slowing during fasting and accelerating greatly after meals (Fig. 1).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMayo Clinic Gastroenterology and Hepatology Board Review, Third Edition
PublisherCRC Press
Pages485-502
Number of pages18
ISBN (Electronic)9781420092240
ISBN (Print)9781420092233
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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