Gadd45b mediates electroconvulsive shock induced proliferation of hippocampal neural stem cells

Heechul Jun, Syed Mohammed Qasim Hussaini, Chang Hoon Cho, John Welby, Mi Hyeon Jang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Electroconvulsive shock (ECS), also known as an electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), is an effective and safe treatment for neuropsychiatric disorders including pharmacoresistant major depressive disorder. Previous research in animal models suggests ECS efficacy is achieved by Gadd45b-mediated increases in adult hippocampal neurogenesis. Objective/hypothesis The present study aims to delineate the role of Gadd45b in mediating proliferation of neural stem cell types including quiescent radial glia-like (RGL) and amplifying non-radial glia-like (non-RGL) neural precursors following ECS. Methods RGL and non-RGL neural stem cell populations defined by co-localization of MCM2+ and nestin+ cells and morphologically by the presence of radial processes were stereologically analyzed. Results ECS increased hippocampal density of both quiescent RGLs and amplifying non-RGLs. Conclusions Gadd45b mediates the action of ECS-induced proliferation through activation of quiescent neural stem cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1021-1024
Number of pages4
JournalBrain Stimulation
Volume8
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2015

Keywords

  • Adult neurogenesis
  • Electroconvulsive shock
  • Gadd45b
  • Hippocampus
  • Neural stem cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Clinical Neurology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Gadd45b mediates electroconvulsive shock induced proliferation of hippocampal neural stem cells'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this