Further attenuation of endothelium-dependent relaxation imparted by natriuretic peptide receptor antagonism

Paul W. Wennberg, Virginia M Miller, Ton Rabelink, John C Jr. Burnett

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Abstract

Nitric oxide (NO) is an important endotheliUm-derived relaxing factor that functions via activation of soluble guanylyl cyclase and cGMP generation in vascular smooth muscle. Recently, studies have described the synthesis and secretion of C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) from endothelial cells. This peptide also mediates relaxation via cGMP but through activation of particulate guanylyl cyclase. We tested the hypothesis that endothelium- dependent relaxations to acetylcholine or bradykinin in isolated canine coronary arteries involve both releases of NO and CNP. Rings of canine coronary arteries were incubated with either inhibitors of NO production (N(G)-monomethyl-L-arginine, L-NMMA) or the natriuretic peptide receptor antagonist HS-142-1. CNP caused concentration-dependent relaxations of rings with and without endothelium. These relaxations were attenuated by HS-142-1. Relaxations to acetylcholine and bradykinin were attenuated by L-NMMA alone but not attenuated by HS-142-1 alone. Coinhibition with L-NMMA and HS-142-1 significantly inhibited acetylcholine- and bradykinin-induced relaxation to a magnitude greater than either inhibitor alone. In summary, a novel interaction between the NO and the natriuretic peptide system is demonstrated by increased attenuation of endothelium-dependent relaxations to acetylcholine and bradykinin when both NO synthase and natriuretic peptide receptors are inhibited. These investigations support the concept of release of multiple endothelium-derived factors in response to acetylcholine- and bradykinin-receptor stimulation in endothelial cells, which may include CNP, as well as NO.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume277
Issue number4 46-4
StatePublished - Oct 1999

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Keywords

  • C-type natriuretic peptide
  • Guanosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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