Functional Outcomes and Health-Related Quality of Life Before and After Primary Total Knee Replacement for Patients From Diverse Geographic Regions

Minji K. Lee, James M. Naessens, David T. Eton, Thomas J. O'Byrne, Mark A. Nyman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether patient-reported knee function and health status before and after primary total knee replacement (TKR) at an academic medical center differs among patients from diverse geographic regions. Methods: We assessed patient-reported outcomes (PROs) as measured by the Oxford Knee Score (OKS) and EuroQoL-5D (EQ-5D) in 2855 TKR patients at preprimary and one year postprimary TKR procedure between January 1, 2012 and June 30, 2014. We compared the demographic characteristics, response rates, and changes in OKS, EQ-5D, and EQ visual analog scale among local, regional, and national patient groups. Patient- or hospital-related predictors of the postoperative scores were identified after controlling for preoperative scores on the PRO measures. Results: Local patients had more comorbid conditions. Groups were similar in clinical outcomes such as length of stay at hospital, complication, and reoperation rates. Local, regional, and national patients had similar response rates and reported a similar level of knee function and health-related quality of life before and after TKR. Eighty nine percent had clinically important improvement on OKS, 69% on EQ-5D index, and 28% EQ visual analog scale, and there were no differences among groups in the proportions of clinically meaningful change. Better postoperative PRO scores were associated with older age, shorter hospital stay, fewer comorbidities, nonsmoking status, fewer complications, and private health insurance. Conclusion: Some patient characteristics such as comorbidities were greater in the local patient cohort versus the national cohort. Nevertheless, clinical outcomes and PROs were comparable across all geographic tiers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Arthroplasty
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • functional outcomes
  • geographic regions
  • health-related quality of life
  • oxford knee score
  • patient-reported outcomes
  • primary total knee replacement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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