Functional impact of Aurora A-mediated phosphorylation of HP1γ at serine 83 during cell cycle progression

Adrienne Grzenda, Phoebe Leonard, Seungmae Seo, Angela J. Mathison, Guillermo Urrutia, Ezequiel Calvo, Juan Iovanna, Raul Urrutia, Gwen Lomberk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Previous elegant studies performed in the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe have identified a requirement for heterochromatin protein 1 (HP1) for spindle pole formation and appropriate cell division. In mammalian cells, HP1γ has been implicated in both somatic and germ cell proliferation. High levels of HP1γ protein associate with enhanced cell proliferation and oncogenesis, while its genetic inactivation results in meiotic and mitotic failure. However, the regulation of HP1γ by kinases, critical for supporting mitotic progression, remains to be fully characterized. Results: We report for the first time that during mitotic cell division, HP1γ colocalizes and is phosphorylated at serine 83 (Ser83) in G 2/M phase by Aurora A. Since Aurora A regulates both cell proliferation and mitotic aberrations, we evaluated the role of HP1γ in the regulation of these phenomena using siRNA-mediated knockdown, as well as phosphomimetic and nonphosphorylatable site-directed mutants. We found that genetic downregulation of HP1γ, which decreases the levels of phosphorylation of HP1γ at Ser83 (P-Ser83- HP1γ), results in mitotic aberrations that can be rescued by reintroducing wild type HP1γ, but not the nonphosphorylatable S83A-HP1γ mutant. In addition, proliferation assays showed that the phosphomimetic S83D-HP1γ increases 5-ethynyl-2́-deoxyuridine (EdU) incorporation, whereas the nonphosphorylatable S83A-HP1γ mutant abrogates this effect. Genome-wide expression profiling revealed that the effects of these mutants on mitotic functions are congruently reflected in G2/M gene expression networks in a manner that mimics the on and off states for P-Ser83-HP1γ. Conclusions: This is the first description of a mitotic Aurora A-HP1γ pathway, whose integrity is necessary for the execution of proper somatic cell division, providing insight into specific types of posttranslational modifications that associate to distinct functional outcomes of this important chromatin protein.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number21
JournalEpigenetics and Chromatin
Volume6
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2013

Keywords

  • Aurora kinase
  • Centrosome
  • Epigenetics
  • Heterochromatin protein 1 (HP1)
  • Mitosis
  • Spindle pole

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

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    Grzenda, A., Leonard, P., Seo, S., Mathison, A. J., Urrutia, G., Calvo, E., Iovanna, J., Urrutia, R., & Lomberk, G. (2013). Functional impact of Aurora A-mediated phosphorylation of HP1γ at serine 83 during cell cycle progression. Epigenetics and Chromatin, 6(1), [21]. https://doi.org/10.1186/1756-8935-6-21