Cytogenetic analyses have demonstrated that chromosome region 7q22–32 is commonly altered in prostate adenocarcinomas. In addition, in recent fluorescence in situ hybridization studies, we have observed that aneusomy of chromosome 7 is frequent in prostate cancer and is associated with higher tumor grade, advanced pathological stage, and early prostate cancer death. These findings suggest that genetic alterations of chromosome 7 play a significant role in the development of prostate cancer. To better define the chromosome 7 alterations, PCR analysis of 21 microsatellite loci was performed on 54 paired prostate cancer and control DNAs. Overall, chromosome 7 allelic imbalance was identified in 16 of 54 cases (30%). Allelic imbalances of loci mapped to 7q were observed in 15 of the 16 cases. The allelic imbalances were classified as losses in 15 tumors (28%) and as gains in 1 (2%) by comparative multiplex PCR analysis. The most common site of allelic loss included loci D7S523 and D7S486 at 7q31.1. A comparison with clinicopathological features of the tested tumors revealed that the allelic loss of 7q31.1 correlated with higher tumor grade (P = 0.012) and lymph node metastasis (P = 0.017). These results indicate that 7q31 may be the site of a putative suppressor gene(s) important for the pathogenesis of prostate carcinoma, and that the genetic alterations at 7q31.1 may participate in tumor progression and metastasis.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|State||Published - Sep 15 1995|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research