Biliary intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (B-IPMN) has been proposed as a unique clinicopathologic disease with distinct histopathologic features, although wide acceptance remains controversial. A recent consensus conference classified pancreatic IPMN (P-IPMN) into 4 subtypes (ie, gastric, intestinal, pancreatobiliary, oncocytic) based on morphologic appearance and mucin (MUC) staining properties. The aim of this study was to determine whether B-IPMN has similar histopathologic and immunologic subtypes to P-IPMN. Specific immunostaining for MUC1, MUC2, and deleted for pancreas cancer, locus 4 were performed on specimens from 19 patients with a histopathologic diagnosis of B-IPMN. Immunostaining patterns of B-IPMN were correlated with histopathology. Based on histopathology, the following subtypes of B-IPMN were identified: pancreatobiliary n = 9 (47%), intestinal n = 8 (42%), oncocytic n = 2 (11%), and gastric n = 0 (0%). Pancreatobiliary and oncocytic subtypes of B-IPMN were positive for MUC1 and negative for MUC2, and intestinal subtypes were positive for MUC2 and negative for MUC1. Thirteen of the 19 B-IPMN were associated with invasive carcinoma; loss of deleted for pancreas cancer, locus 4 was found in 6 of 13 invasive components and in 3 of 19 noninvasive components of B-IPMN. Five-year survival for patients with resected B-IPMN and invasive carcinoma was 38%, which is similar to that for resected P-IPMN with invasive carcinoma. Histopathologic subtypes and type-specific MUC expression patterns of B-IPMN resemble those of P-IPMN. MUC1 expression and/or absence of MUC2 expression, which correlate with aggressive features of P-IPMN, were found in B-IPMN and correlate with invasive B-IPMN. Loss of deleted for pancreas cancer, locus 4 parallels the findings observed in P-IPMN. These findings provide additional support that B-IPMN is a unique entity with similarities to main duct P-IPMN.
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