Frequency and outcomes of patients with increased mean pulmonary artery pressure at the time of liver transplantation

Erin S. DeMartino, Rodrigo Cartin-Ceba, James Y. Findlay, Julie K. Heimbach, Michael J. Krowka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background. Pulmonary hypertension (PH) exists when mean pulmonary artery pressure (mPAP) is 25 mm Hg or greater. mPAP of 35 mm Hg or greater, with increased pulmonary vascular resistance from portopulmonary hypertension, has been associated with increased post-liver transplant (LT)mortality. However,mPAP of 35mmHg or greater can also occur in the setting of normal pulmonary vascular resistance from a high flow state and/or increased pulmonary venous volume.We describe the frequency of patients with mPAP of 35 mm Hg or greater at LTand correlate their clinical outcomes with hemodynamic characteristics. Methods. We reviewed hemodynamics of 300 consecutive adult patients undergoing LT. Primary and secondary outcomes were transplant hospitalization mortality and 1-year mortality. Results. Overall, PH was documented in 117 (39%) of 300 transplant recipients. Five patients were receiving ongoing treatment for portopulmonary hypertension at the time of transplant. mPAP of 35 mm Hg or greater was seen in 31 of 300 patients (10.3%; median, 38 mm Hg; range, 35-46 mm Hg). No intraoperative deaths occurred. Transplant hospitalization mortality was 0% for those with mPAP of 35 mm Hg or greater (vs 2.2% if mPAP < 35 mm Hg, P = 1.0). One-year mortality was similar for patients with and without mPAP of 35mmHg or greater (3.2% vs 6.0%, P = 1.0). No deaths were associated with right heart failure. Conclusions. At the time of LT, 39% of recipients had PH (mPAP ≥ 25 mm Hg) and 10.3% had mPAP ≥ 35 mm Hg. When associated with a high flow state and/or increased volume, transplant hospitalization and 1-year posttransplant outcomes were not adversely affected.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)101-106
Number of pages6
JournalTransplantation
Volume101
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transplantation

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Frequency and outcomes of patients with increased mean pulmonary artery pressure at the time of liver transplantation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this