Objective Obesity, insulin resistance, and diabetes disproportionately affect African-American (AA) women. Abnormal adipose tissue free fatty acid (FFA) release is associated with these conditions. Resting energy expenditure (REE) and sex predict FFA release in Caucasians, but whether this is true in AA is unknown. The sex-specific relationships between FFA release, REE, and race was compared. Design and Methods 100 adults (47% AA, 50% male, age 32 ± 8 years [mean ± SD]) from three different centers underwent duplicate measures of FFA release ([U-13C] palmitate) and REE (indirect calorimetry). Body composition was determined by DXA and abdominal imaging. Results AA participants had lower REE, but similar FFA concentrations and flux compared with Caucasian participants. The significant predictors of palmitate release were REE, sex, and race. REE and FFA flux were correlated in both sexes and both races. In a multiple linear regression analysis with palmitate flux as the dependent variable and REE, sex, race, total fat mass, fat-free mass, and insulin as independent variables, REE was the only independent predictor of FFA release in men. Both REE and race predicted palmitate flux in women. Conclusions FFA flux is related to REE, but the relationship differs in AA and Caucasian women.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Medicine (miscellaneous)
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Nutrition and Dietetics