Frailty and health-related quality of life among residents of long-term care facilities

Amrit Kanwar, Mandeep Singh, Ryan Lennon, Kalyan Ghanta, Sheila M. McNallan, Veronique Lee Roger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: To determine the prevalence and relationship of frailty and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among residents of long-term care [nursing homes (NH) and assisted living (AL)] facilities. Methods: Residents of NH and AL facilities in La Crosse County, Wisconsin, were recruited 1/2009-6/2010 and assessed for frailty (gait speed, unintended weight loss, grip strength), comorbidity (Charlson index), and HRQOL [Short Form (SF)-36]. Results: Among 137 participants, 85% were frail. Frail residents were older, had more comorbidities (2.0 vs. 0, p <.001) and lower mean SF-36 Physical Component Score (PCS, 32 vs. 48, p <.001). Following adjustments for age, sex, and comorbidities, compared to nonfrail residents, frail residents had lower SF-36 PCS (mean difference -14.7, 95% CI. -19.3,-10.1, p <.001). Frailty, comorbidity, and HRQOL did not differ between NH and AL facilities. Discussion: Frail residents had lower HRQOL, suggesting that preventing frailty may lead to better HRQOL among residents of long-term care facilities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)792-802
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Aging and Health
Volume25
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2013

Fingerprint

Long-Term Care
Assisted Living Facilities
quality of life
Quality of Life
resident
Comorbidity
comorbidity
Nursing Homes
assisted living
health
nursing home
Hand Strength
Weight Loss

Keywords

  • assisted living facilities
  • frailty
  • long-term care
  • nursing homes
  • quality of life

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Gerontology
  • Community and Home Care

Cite this

Frailty and health-related quality of life among residents of long-term care facilities. / Kanwar, Amrit; Singh, Mandeep; Lennon, Ryan; Ghanta, Kalyan; McNallan, Sheila M.; Roger, Veronique Lee.

In: Journal of Aging and Health, Vol. 25, No. 5, 08.2013, p. 792-802.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kanwar, Amrit ; Singh, Mandeep ; Lennon, Ryan ; Ghanta, Kalyan ; McNallan, Sheila M. ; Roger, Veronique Lee. / Frailty and health-related quality of life among residents of long-term care facilities. In: Journal of Aging and Health. 2013 ; Vol. 25, No. 5. pp. 792-802.
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