Frailty and health-related quality of life among residents of long-term care facilities

Amrit Kanwar, Mandeep Singh, Ryan Lennon, Kalyan Ghanta, Sheila M. McNallan, Véronique L. Roger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

45 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: To determine the prevalence and relationship of frailty and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among residents of long-term care [nursing homes (NH) and assisted living (AL)] facilities. Methods: Residents of NH and AL facilities in La Crosse County, Wisconsin, were recruited 1/2009-6/2010 and assessed for frailty (gait speed, unintended weight loss, grip strength), comorbidity (Charlson index), and HRQOL [Short Form (SF)-36]. Results: Among 137 participants, 85% were frail. Frail residents were older, had more comorbidities (2.0 vs. 0, p <.001) and lower mean SF-36 Physical Component Score (PCS, 32 vs. 48, p <.001). Following adjustments for age, sex, and comorbidities, compared to nonfrail residents, frail residents had lower SF-36 PCS (mean difference -14.7, 95% CI. -19.3,-10.1, p <.001). Frailty, comorbidity, and HRQOL did not differ between NH and AL facilities. Discussion: Frail residents had lower HRQOL, suggesting that preventing frailty may lead to better HRQOL among residents of long-term care facilities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)792-802
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Aging and Health
Volume25
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2013

Keywords

  • assisted living facilities
  • frailty
  • long-term care
  • nursing homes
  • quality of life

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies

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