Fragile X-associated tremor/ataxia syndrome and movements disorders

Yasuhiko Baba, Ryan J. Uitti

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose of review: Fragile X-associated tremor/ataxia syndrome (FXTAS) is a multiple-system neurologic disorder caused by expansion of 55-200 CGG repeats in the FMR1 (fragile site mental retardation 1) gene. The presence of both hyperkinetic and hypokinetic movement disorders such as ataxia, tremor, and parkinsonism are clinical features of FXTAS. The purpose of this review is to summarize the description of movement disorders associated with FXTAS and to discuss recent observations regarding the relationship between abnormal expansion in the FMR1 gene and development of neurodegenerative disorders. Recent findings: The clinical expression of FXTAS occasionally resembles the phenotypes of other idiopathic neurodegenerative disorders. However, the unique pathological feature - appearance of the intranuclear inclusions in the neurons and astrocytes, is discriminatory from those in other neurodegenerative disorders. Several studies found no association between the FMR1 gene premutation and development of other neurodegenerative disorders with similar movement disorders to FXTAS. However, a premutation expansion in the FMR1 gene may be a frequent genetic cause of late-onset sporadic ataxia with magnetic-resonance-image abnormality. Summary: FXTAS exhibits various movement-disorder phenotypes. However, the FMR1 gene premutation is unlikely to be a common genetic cause of neurodegenerative disorders with tremor or ataxia. Patients with sporadic late-onset ataxia associated with magnetic-resonance- image abnormality should be considered for testing for a CGG-repeat expansion in the FMR1 gene.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)393-398
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent opinion in neurology
Volume18
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2005

Keywords

  • FMR1 gene
  • FXTAS
  • Fragile X-associated tremor/ataxia syndrome
  • Movement disorders

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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