Forces in the normal and abnormal hand

K. N. An, E. Y. Chao, W. P. Cooney, R. L. Linscheid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

187 Scopus citations


An analytc model for human hand force analysis was developed through anatomical study and measurement of multiple cadaveric specimens. A method of solution was developed to determine muscle and joint force distributions under various isometric hand functions. Applications of this model to abnormal conditions include studying the effects of tendon laceration, neuromuscular weakness, and surgical restoration by tendon transfer. Limitations and further applications of the model are discussed in detail.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)202-211
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Orthopaedic Research
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1985


  • Analytic model, human hand
  • Hand force analysis
  • Isometric hand functions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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