Focus groups of Alaska Native adolescent tobacco users

Preferences for tobacco cessation interventions and barriers to participation

Christi Ann Patten, Carrie Enoch, Caroline C. Renner, Kenneth P. Offord, Caroline Nevak, Stacy F. Kelley, Janet Thomas, Paul A. Decker, Richard D. Hurt, Anne Lanier, Judith S Kaur

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Tobacco cessation interventions developed for Alaska Native adolescents do not exist. This study employed focus group methodology to explore preferences for tobacco cessation interventions and barriers to participation among 49 Alaska Natives (61% female) with a mean age of 14.6 (SD = 1.6) who resided in western Alaska. Using content analysis, themes from the 12 focus groups were found to be consistent across village, gender, and age groups. Program location or site (e.g., away from the village, hunting, fishing), a group-based format, and inclusion of medication and personal stories were reported to be important attributes of cessation programs. Motivators to quit tobacco were the perceived adverse health effects of tobacco, improved self-image and appearance, and the potential to be a future role model as a non-tobacco user for family and friends. Parents were perceived as potentially supportive to the adolescent in quitting tobacco. The findings will be used to develop tobacco cessation programs for Alaska Native youth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)711-723
Number of pages13
JournalHealth Education and Behavior
Volume36
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2009

Fingerprint

Tobacco Use Cessation
Focus Groups
Tobacco
Age Groups
Parents
Health
Alaska Natives
Participation
User Preferences

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Alaska Native
  • Focus groups
  • Intervention
  • Tobacco cessation
  • Tobacco use

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Focus groups of Alaska Native adolescent tobacco users : Preferences for tobacco cessation interventions and barriers to participation. / Patten, Christi Ann; Enoch, Carrie; Renner, Caroline C.; Offord, Kenneth P.; Nevak, Caroline; Kelley, Stacy F.; Thomas, Janet; Decker, Paul A.; Hurt, Richard D.; Lanier, Anne; Kaur, Judith S.

In: Health Education and Behavior, Vol. 36, No. 4, 08.2009, p. 711-723.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Patten, Christi Ann ; Enoch, Carrie ; Renner, Caroline C. ; Offord, Kenneth P. ; Nevak, Caroline ; Kelley, Stacy F. ; Thomas, Janet ; Decker, Paul A. ; Hurt, Richard D. ; Lanier, Anne ; Kaur, Judith S. / Focus groups of Alaska Native adolescent tobacco users : Preferences for tobacco cessation interventions and barriers to participation. In: Health Education and Behavior. 2009 ; Vol. 36, No. 4. pp. 711-723.
@article{826d21ae023b4847a5ec78d5cbfdb9ad,
title = "Focus groups of Alaska Native adolescent tobacco users: Preferences for tobacco cessation interventions and barriers to participation",
abstract = "Tobacco cessation interventions developed for Alaska Native adolescents do not exist. This study employed focus group methodology to explore preferences for tobacco cessation interventions and barriers to participation among 49 Alaska Natives (61{\%} female) with a mean age of 14.6 (SD = 1.6) who resided in western Alaska. Using content analysis, themes from the 12 focus groups were found to be consistent across village, gender, and age groups. Program location or site (e.g., away from the village, hunting, fishing), a group-based format, and inclusion of medication and personal stories were reported to be important attributes of cessation programs. Motivators to quit tobacco were the perceived adverse health effects of tobacco, improved self-image and appearance, and the potential to be a future role model as a non-tobacco user for family and friends. Parents were perceived as potentially supportive to the adolescent in quitting tobacco. The findings will be used to develop tobacco cessation programs for Alaska Native youth.",
keywords = "Adolescents, Alaska Native, Focus groups, Intervention, Tobacco cessation, Tobacco use",
author = "Patten, {Christi Ann} and Carrie Enoch and Renner, {Caroline C.} and Offord, {Kenneth P.} and Caroline Nevak and Kelley, {Stacy F.} and Janet Thomas and Decker, {Paul A.} and Hurt, {Richard D.} and Anne Lanier and Kaur, {Judith S}",
year = "2009",
month = "8",
doi = "10.1177/1090198107309456",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "36",
pages = "711--723",
journal = "Health Education and Behavior",
issn = "1090-1981",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Focus groups of Alaska Native adolescent tobacco users

T2 - Preferences for tobacco cessation interventions and barriers to participation

AU - Patten, Christi Ann

AU - Enoch, Carrie

AU - Renner, Caroline C.

AU - Offord, Kenneth P.

AU - Nevak, Caroline

AU - Kelley, Stacy F.

AU - Thomas, Janet

AU - Decker, Paul A.

AU - Hurt, Richard D.

AU - Lanier, Anne

AU - Kaur, Judith S

PY - 2009/8

Y1 - 2009/8

N2 - Tobacco cessation interventions developed for Alaska Native adolescents do not exist. This study employed focus group methodology to explore preferences for tobacco cessation interventions and barriers to participation among 49 Alaska Natives (61% female) with a mean age of 14.6 (SD = 1.6) who resided in western Alaska. Using content analysis, themes from the 12 focus groups were found to be consistent across village, gender, and age groups. Program location or site (e.g., away from the village, hunting, fishing), a group-based format, and inclusion of medication and personal stories were reported to be important attributes of cessation programs. Motivators to quit tobacco were the perceived adverse health effects of tobacco, improved self-image and appearance, and the potential to be a future role model as a non-tobacco user for family and friends. Parents were perceived as potentially supportive to the adolescent in quitting tobacco. The findings will be used to develop tobacco cessation programs for Alaska Native youth.

AB - Tobacco cessation interventions developed for Alaska Native adolescents do not exist. This study employed focus group methodology to explore preferences for tobacco cessation interventions and barriers to participation among 49 Alaska Natives (61% female) with a mean age of 14.6 (SD = 1.6) who resided in western Alaska. Using content analysis, themes from the 12 focus groups were found to be consistent across village, gender, and age groups. Program location or site (e.g., away from the village, hunting, fishing), a group-based format, and inclusion of medication and personal stories were reported to be important attributes of cessation programs. Motivators to quit tobacco were the perceived adverse health effects of tobacco, improved self-image and appearance, and the potential to be a future role model as a non-tobacco user for family and friends. Parents were perceived as potentially supportive to the adolescent in quitting tobacco. The findings will be used to develop tobacco cessation programs for Alaska Native youth.

KW - Adolescents

KW - Alaska Native

KW - Focus groups

KW - Intervention

KW - Tobacco cessation

KW - Tobacco use

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=69549135839&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=69549135839&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/1090198107309456

DO - 10.1177/1090198107309456

M3 - Article

VL - 36

SP - 711

EP - 723

JO - Health Education and Behavior

JF - Health Education and Behavior

SN - 1090-1981

IS - 4

ER -