Focal brain atrophy in gastric bypass patients with cognitive complaints

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Recently, we have identified a series of patients presenting with cognitive complaints after gastric bypass, without any identifiable etiology. We aimed to determine if focal brain atrophy could account for the complaints. A retrospective case series was performed to identify patients with cognitive complaints following gastric bypass who had a volumetric MRI. Voxel-based morphometry was used to assess patterns of grey matter loss in all 10 patients identified, compared to 10 age and gender-matched controls. All patients had undergone Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery at a median age of 54 (range: 46-64). Cognitive complaints developed at a median age of 57 (52-69). Formal neuropsychometric testing revealed only minor deficits. No nutritional abnormalities were identified. Voxel-based morphometry demonstrated focal thalamic atrophy in the gastric bypass patients when compared to controls. Patients with cognitive complaints after gastric bypass surgery may have focal thalamic brain atrophy that could result in cognitive impairment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1671-1676
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Clinical Neuroscience
Volume18
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2011

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Keywords

  • Cognitive impairment
  • Gastric bypass
  • Thalamus
  • Voxel based morphometry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neurology
  • Physiology (medical)

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