Multidrug resistance-associated protein (MRP1) may function as a floppase in human red blood cells to translocate phosphatidylserine and/or phosphatidylcholine from inner membrane leaflet to outer leaflet. Here we report that the purified and reconstituted MRP1 protein into asolectin proteoliposomes is mainly in an inside-out configuration and possesses the ability to flop a fluorescent labeled phosphatidylcholine (NBD-PC) from outer leaflet (protoplasmic) to inner leaflet (extrocytoplasmic). The reconstituted MRP1 protein retains endogenous ATPase activity. ATP hydrolysis is required for the flopping since removal of ATP and/or Mg2+ inhibits the translocation of NBD-PC. Further evidence to support this conclusion is that the translocation of NBD-PC is inhibited by vanadate, which traps ATP hydrolysis product ADP in the nucleotide binding domains. In addition, the translocation of NBD-PC by proteoliposomes containing MRP1 protein is in a glutathione-dependent manner, similar to the process of translocating anticancer drugs such as daunorubicin. verapamil, vincristine, vinblastine, doxorubicin and oxidized glutathione partially inhibited the translocation of NBD-PC, whereas MK 571, an inhibitor of MRP1 protein, inhibited the translocation almost completely. Taken together, the purified and reconstituted MRP1 protein possesses the ability to flop NBD-PC from outer to inner leaflet of the proteoliposomes.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology