Fluorescent indicators distributed throughout the pharmacophore of cholecystokinin provide insights into distinct modes of binding and activation of type A and B cholecystokinin receptors

Kaleeckal G. Harikumar, Delia I. Pinon, Laurence J Miller

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19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ligand probes with fluorescent indicators positioned throughout the pharmacophoric domain can provide important insights into the molecular basis of receptor binding and activation as reflected in the microenvironment of each indicator while docked at a receptor. We developed three cholecystokinin-like probes with Aladan situated at the N terminus, in the mid-region, and at the C terminus (positions 24, 29, and 33, respectively). These were studied in solution and docked at type A and B cholecystokinin receptors. This study demonstrated clear differences in mechanisms of cholecystokinin binding and activation of these structurally related receptors with distinct agonist structure-activity relationships. The fluorescence characteristics of Aladan are highly sensitive to the polarity of its microenvironment. The mid-region probe was least accessible to the aqueous milieu as determined by fluorescence emission spectra and iodide quenching, which was not altered by changes in conformation from active to inactive. Accessibility of the N-and C-terminal probes was affected by receptor conformation. The position 24 probe was more easily quenched in the active than in the G protein-uncoupled conformation for both receptors. However, the position 33 probe docked at the type A cholecystokinin receptor was more easily quenched in the active conformation, whereas the same probe docked at the type B cholecystokinin receptor was more easily quenched in the inactive conformation. Fluorescence anisotropy and red edge excitation shift determinations confirmed these observations and supported the proposed movements. Although both type A and B cholecystokinin receptors bind cholecystokinin with high affinity, resulting in fully efficacious biological responses, these receptors utilize distinct molecular modes of binding.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)27072-27080
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume281
Issue number37
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 15 2006

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Cholecystokinin A Receptor
Cholecystokinin B Receptor
Cholecystokinin
Chemical activation
Conformations
Fluorescence
Protein Conformation
Fluorescence Polarization
Iodides
Structure-Activity Relationship
Fluorescent Dyes
GTP-Binding Proteins
Ligands
Quenching
Anisotropy
aladan

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

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title = "Fluorescent indicators distributed throughout the pharmacophore of cholecystokinin provide insights into distinct modes of binding and activation of type A and B cholecystokinin receptors",
abstract = "Ligand probes with fluorescent indicators positioned throughout the pharmacophoric domain can provide important insights into the molecular basis of receptor binding and activation as reflected in the microenvironment of each indicator while docked at a receptor. We developed three cholecystokinin-like probes with Aladan situated at the N terminus, in the mid-region, and at the C terminus (positions 24, 29, and 33, respectively). These were studied in solution and docked at type A and B cholecystokinin receptors. This study demonstrated clear differences in mechanisms of cholecystokinin binding and activation of these structurally related receptors with distinct agonist structure-activity relationships. The fluorescence characteristics of Aladan are highly sensitive to the polarity of its microenvironment. The mid-region probe was least accessible to the aqueous milieu as determined by fluorescence emission spectra and iodide quenching, which was not altered by changes in conformation from active to inactive. Accessibility of the N-and C-terminal probes was affected by receptor conformation. The position 24 probe was more easily quenched in the active than in the G protein-uncoupled conformation for both receptors. However, the position 33 probe docked at the type A cholecystokinin receptor was more easily quenched in the active conformation, whereas the same probe docked at the type B cholecystokinin receptor was more easily quenched in the inactive conformation. Fluorescence anisotropy and red edge excitation shift determinations confirmed these observations and supported the proposed movements. Although both type A and B cholecystokinin receptors bind cholecystokinin with high affinity, resulting in fully efficacious biological responses, these receptors utilize distinct molecular modes of binding.",
author = "Harikumar, {Kaleeckal G.} and Pinon, {Delia I.} and Miller, {Laurence J}",
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T1 - Fluorescent indicators distributed throughout the pharmacophore of cholecystokinin provide insights into distinct modes of binding and activation of type A and B cholecystokinin receptors

AU - Harikumar, Kaleeckal G.

AU - Pinon, Delia I.

AU - Miller, Laurence J

PY - 2006/9/15

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N2 - Ligand probes with fluorescent indicators positioned throughout the pharmacophoric domain can provide important insights into the molecular basis of receptor binding and activation as reflected in the microenvironment of each indicator while docked at a receptor. We developed three cholecystokinin-like probes with Aladan situated at the N terminus, in the mid-region, and at the C terminus (positions 24, 29, and 33, respectively). These were studied in solution and docked at type A and B cholecystokinin receptors. This study demonstrated clear differences in mechanisms of cholecystokinin binding and activation of these structurally related receptors with distinct agonist structure-activity relationships. The fluorescence characteristics of Aladan are highly sensitive to the polarity of its microenvironment. The mid-region probe was least accessible to the aqueous milieu as determined by fluorescence emission spectra and iodide quenching, which was not altered by changes in conformation from active to inactive. Accessibility of the N-and C-terminal probes was affected by receptor conformation. The position 24 probe was more easily quenched in the active than in the G protein-uncoupled conformation for both receptors. However, the position 33 probe docked at the type A cholecystokinin receptor was more easily quenched in the active conformation, whereas the same probe docked at the type B cholecystokinin receptor was more easily quenched in the inactive conformation. Fluorescence anisotropy and red edge excitation shift determinations confirmed these observations and supported the proposed movements. Although both type A and B cholecystokinin receptors bind cholecystokinin with high affinity, resulting in fully efficacious biological responses, these receptors utilize distinct molecular modes of binding.

AB - Ligand probes with fluorescent indicators positioned throughout the pharmacophoric domain can provide important insights into the molecular basis of receptor binding and activation as reflected in the microenvironment of each indicator while docked at a receptor. We developed three cholecystokinin-like probes with Aladan situated at the N terminus, in the mid-region, and at the C terminus (positions 24, 29, and 33, respectively). These were studied in solution and docked at type A and B cholecystokinin receptors. This study demonstrated clear differences in mechanisms of cholecystokinin binding and activation of these structurally related receptors with distinct agonist structure-activity relationships. The fluorescence characteristics of Aladan are highly sensitive to the polarity of its microenvironment. The mid-region probe was least accessible to the aqueous milieu as determined by fluorescence emission spectra and iodide quenching, which was not altered by changes in conformation from active to inactive. Accessibility of the N-and C-terminal probes was affected by receptor conformation. The position 24 probe was more easily quenched in the active than in the G protein-uncoupled conformation for both receptors. However, the position 33 probe docked at the type A cholecystokinin receptor was more easily quenched in the active conformation, whereas the same probe docked at the type B cholecystokinin receptor was more easily quenched in the inactive conformation. Fluorescence anisotropy and red edge excitation shift determinations confirmed these observations and supported the proposed movements. Although both type A and B cholecystokinin receptors bind cholecystokinin with high affinity, resulting in fully efficacious biological responses, these receptors utilize distinct molecular modes of binding.

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