Fluorescent in situ hybridization studies of lymphocytes and neutrophils in chronic granulocytic leukemia

Ayalew Tefferi, Chris R. Schad, Rajiv K. Pruthi, Gregory J. Ahmann, Jack L. Spurbeck, Gordon W. Dewald

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

Using immunomagnetic cell separation and fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH), we studied nine patients who had chronic granulocytic leukemia (CGL) for the proportion of interphase nuclei with Mbcr/abl fusion in a direct preparation of the bone marrow and also in the mononuclear cell (MNC), neutrophil, and B- and T-cell fractions of the peripheral blood. In five untreated patients, conventional cytogenetics revealed 97% to 100% Philadelphia chromosome (Ph)+ metaphases. In three of these five patients, FISH studies on bone marrow direct preparations and peripheral blood MNCs indicated that an Mbcr/abl fusion occurred in 62% to 69% of the cells. We observed 69% to 88% of nuclei with Mbcr/abl fusion within the neutrophil fractions. In contrast, the values were 12% to 39% within the T-cell fractions in the four patients we studied. B-cell fractions were studied in three patients, and only one had an abnormal value (58%). In the four patients receiving α-interferon therapy, the degree of conventional cytogenetic remission correlated best with the degree of FISH remission observed in the peripheral blood neutrophil fraction. Our results are in agreement with earlier studies in that both B and T lymphocytes may be involved with the clonal process in CGL. The FISH-based detection of Mbcr/abl fusion in the peripheral blood neutrophil compartment provided the best estimate for the proportion of Ph metaphases determined by conventional cytogenetics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)61-64
Number of pages4
JournalCancer Genetics and Cytogenetics
Volume83
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Cancer Research

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