Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) detection of trisomy 8 in myeloid cells in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML): A study of archival blood and bone marrow smears

Phuong L. Nguyen, Diane C. Arthur, Craig E. Litz, Richard D. Brunning

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Patients in accelerated phase or blast crisis of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) frequently develop clonal cytogenetic abnormalities in addition to the Philadelphia chromosome. Using a DNA probe directed to the centromere of chromosome 8, we performed fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) on archival Wright-stained blood and bone marrow smears of seven patients with CML and with a known +8 clone by metaphase cytogenetics to determine the distribution of +8 in interphase cells. All slides had been stored at ambient temperature for 12-26 months. The bone marrow aspirate smears of 21 non-leukemic patients served as controls. Trisomy 8 was demonstrated in all myeloid cell lines including the neutrophils, basophils, eosinophils, monocytes, and erythroid precursors, but not in the lymphocytes. The extra chromosome 8 was present in mature segmented granulocytes as well as more immature precursors. The percentage of +8 cells was highest in specimens from patients with CML in myeloid blast crisis (mean 64%), followed by those in accelerated phase (mean 39%). Three specimens from patients in morphologic chronic phase showed the lowest percentage of +8 cells (mean 13%). One patient was studied twice and showed a substantial expansion of +8 cells with progression from accelerated phase to myeloid blast crisis. Compared to metaphase cytogenetics, the proportion of +8 cells detected by FISH was often lower. We conclude that the acquisition of trisomy 8 in CML occurs in a pluripotent myeloid stem cell apparently incapable of expressing mature lymphoid phenotype, and that morphologic progression of disease is generally associated with an expansion of the +8 component.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1654-1662
Number of pages9
JournalLeukemia
Volume8
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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