Fish oil and neurovascular control in humans

Jason R. Carter, Christopher E. Schwartz, Huan Yang, Michael Joseph Joyner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The antihypertensive influence of fish oil is controversial, and the mechanisms remain unclear. Because the inverse relation between fish oil and hypertension appears to be partially dependent on the degree of hypertension, we tested the hypothesis that fish oil would elicit more dramatic reductions in mean arterial pressure (MAP) and muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) in prehypertensive (PHT) compared with normotensive (NT) subjects. Resting MAP, MSNA, and heart rate (HR) were examined before and after 8 wk of fish oil (9 g/day; 1.6 g eicosapentaenoic acid and 1.1 g docosahexaenoic acid) or placebo (olive oil; 9 g/day) in 38 NT (19 fish oil; 19 placebo) and 29 PHT (15 fish oil; 14 placebo) volunteers. Fish oil did not alter resting MAP, MSNA, or HR in either NT (80 ± 1 to 80± 1 mmHg; 11 ± 2 to 10 ± 1 bursts/min; 71 ± 2 to 71 ± 2 beats/min) or PHT (88 ± 2 to 87 ± 1 mmHg; 11±2 to 10±2 bursts/min; 73±2 to 73±2 beats/min) subjects. When NT and PHT groups were consolidated, analysis of covariance confirmed that pretreatment resting MAP was not associated with changes in MSNA after fish oil. In contrast, pretreatment resting HR was correlated with changes in MSNA (r = 0.47; P = 0.007) and MAP (r = 0.42; P < 0.007) after fish oil but not placebo. In conclusion, fish oil did not alter sympathetic neural control in NT or PHT subjects. However, our findings suggest that fish oil is associated with modest sympathoinhibition in individuals with higher resting heart rates, a finding that is consistent with a recent metaanalysis examining the relations among fish oil, HR, and the risk of cardiovascular disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume303
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 15 2012

Fingerprint

Fish Oils
Arterial Pressure
Heart Rate
Muscles
Placebos
Hypertension
Eicosapentaenoic Acid
Docosahexaenoic Acids
Antihypertensive Agents
Volunteers
Cardiovascular Diseases

Keywords

  • Autonomic activity
  • Muscle sympathetic nerve activity
  • Omega-3 fatty acids

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Fish oil and neurovascular control in humans. / Carter, Jason R.; Schwartz, Christopher E.; Yang, Huan; Joyner, Michael Joseph.

In: American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology, Vol. 303, No. 4, 15.08.2012.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Carter, Jason R. ; Schwartz, Christopher E. ; Yang, Huan ; Joyner, Michael Joseph. / Fish oil and neurovascular control in humans. In: American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology. 2012 ; Vol. 303, No. 4.
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