First-in-Human Experience and Acute Procedural Outcomes Using a Novel Pulsed Field Ablation System: The PULSED AF Pilot Trial

Atul Verma, Lucas Boersma, David E. Haines, Andrea Natale, Francis E. Marchlinski, Prashanthan Sanders, Hugh Calkins, Douglas L. Packer, John Hummel, Birce Onal, Sofi Rosen, Karl Heinz Kuck, Gerhard Hindricks, Bradley Wilsmore

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Pulsed field ablation (PFA) is a novel form of ablation using electrical fields to ablate cardiac tissue. There are only limited data assessing the feasibility and safety of this type of ablation in humans. Methods: PULSED AF (Pulsed Field Ablation to Irreversibly Electroporate Tissue and Treat AF;; unique identifier: NCT04198701) is a nonrandomized, prospective, multicenter, global, premarket clinical study. The first-in-human pilot phase evaluated the feasibility and efficacy of pulmonary vein isolation using a novel PFA system delivering bipolar, biphasic electrical fields through a circular multielectrode array catheter (PulseSelect; Medtronic, Inc). Thirty-eight patients with paroxysmal or persistent atrial fibrillation were treated in 6 centers in Australia, Canada, the United States, and the Netherlands. The primary outcomes were ability to achieve acute pulmonary vein isolation intraprocedurally and safety at 30 days. Results: Acute electrical isolation was achieved in 100% of pulmonary veins (n=152) in the 38 patients. Skin-to-skin procedure time was 160±91 minutes, left atrial dwell time was 82±35 minutes, and fluoroscopy time was 28±9 minutes. No serious adverse events related to the PFA system occurred in the 30-day follow-up including phrenic nerve injury, esophageal injury, stroke, or death. Conclusions: In this first-in-human clinical study, 100% pulmonary vein isolation was achieved using only PFA with no PFA system-related serious adverse events. Graphic Abstract: A graphic abstract is available for this article.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E010168
JournalCirculation: Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2022


  • atrial fibrillation
  • catheter ablation
  • electroporation
  • follow-up studies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)


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