Fgf10-Hippo Epithelial-Mesenchymal Crosstalk Maintains and Recruits Lung Basal Stem Cells

Thomas Volckaert, Tingting Yuan, Cho Ming Chao, Harold Bell, Alina Sitaula, Luisa Szimmtenings, Elie El Agha, Diptiman Chanda, Susan Majka, Saverio Bellusci, Victor J. Thannickal, Reinhard Fässler, Stijn P. De Langhe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The lung harbors its basal stem/progenitor cells (BSCs) in the protected environment of the cartilaginous airways. After major lung injuries, BSCs are activated and recruited to sites of injury. Here, we show that during homeostasis, BSCs in cartilaginous airways maintain their stem cell state by downregulating the Hippo pathway (resulting in increased nuclear Yap), which generates a localized Fgf10-expressing stromal niche; in contrast, differentiated epithelial cells in non-cartilaginous airways maintain quiescence by activating the Hippo pathway and inhibiting Fgf10 expression in airway smooth muscle cells (ASMCs). However, upon injury, surviving differentiated epithelial cells spread to maintain barrier function and recruit integrin-linked kinase to adhesion sites, which leads to Merlin degradation, downregulation of the Hippo pathway, nuclear Yap translocation, and expression and secretion of Wnt7b. Epithelial-derived Wnt7b, then in turn, induces Fgf10 expression in ASMCs, which extends the BSC niche to promote regeneration. Volckaert et al. demonstrate a novel mode of stem cell regulation in which basal stem cells during homeostasis or differentiated airway epithelial cells after injury downregulate their Hippo signaling to generate their own localized Fgf10-expressing stromal niche, which maintains or amplifies the stem/progenitor cell population via Fgf10-Fgfr2b signaling.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)48-59.e5
JournalDevelopmental Cell
Volume43
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 9 2017

Keywords

  • basal stem cell
  • Fgf10
  • Fgfr2
  • Hippo
  • Ilk
  • integrin
  • lung
  • regeneration
  • stem cell niche
  • Yap

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Developmental Biology
  • Cell Biology

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