Background: Many women have heavy menstrual bleeding during perimenopause that may interfere with overall quality of life and contribute to sexual dysfunction. We aimed to determine whether sexual function in women improves after endometrial ablation for heavy menstrual periods. Methods: Validated surveys (Female Sexual Function Index [FSFI], Female Sexual Distress Scale [FSDS], and Short-Form Health Survey [SF-12]) were administered to 136 women before and after endometrial ablation from August 2008 through June 2013. Scores at baseline and 6 months after surgery were compared using the paired t test. Results: A total of 97 women completed the FSFI and FSDS surveys at baseline and 6 months after ablation. Mean full-scale FSFI score increased from 26.5 to 28.8 (p < .001), with improvement in 5 of 6 FSFI domains. Mean FSDS score decreased from 13.6 to 9.7 (p < .001), showing decreased personal distress regarding sexual function. In assessing quality of life, SF-12 scores improved for global physical function (p < .001) and mental function (p = .002). Conclusions: Female sexual function improved and personal distress associated with sexual function decreased after endometrial ablation for heavy menstrual cycles.
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