Feedback on LH in testosterone-clamped men depends on the mode of testosterone administration and body composition

Ferdinand Roelfsema, Rebecca J. Yang, Peter Y. Liu, Paul Y. Takahashi, Johannes D. Veldhuis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Context: Quantitative studies of the short-term feedback of testosterone (T) on luteinizing hormone (LH) secretion in healthy men are relatively rare. Such studies require the shutting down of endogenous T secretion and the imposition of experimentally controlled IV T addback. Objective: To evaluate whether pulsatile and continuous T delivery confers equivalent negative feedback on LH secretion. Design: This was a placebo-controlled, blinded, and prospectively randomized crossover study comprising 16 healthy men [age range 23 to 54 years and a body mass index (BMI) between 22.3 and 34.2 kg/m2]. Subjects received ketoconazole to block endogenous T secretion and received continuous or 90-minute pulses of IV T addback. Setting: The study was performed in a Clinical Translational Research Unit. Interventions: Subjects underwent 14 hours of blood sampling at 10-minute intervals, with a bolus IV injection of 33 ng/kg gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH). Main Outcome Measures: Log-transformed LH and T concentration ratios before and after GnRH administration. Results: Despite higher T concentrations during pulsatile T feedback, LH concentrations and secretion rates, whether driven by endogenous or exogenous GnRH, were similar to those during continuous T infusion, indicating diminished pulsatile T feedback. Feedback correlated negatively with BMI. Under controlled T feedback, basal but not pulsatile LH secretion correlated negatively with CT-estimated visceral fat mass. Conclusion: Feedback by pulsatile T delivery has diminished inhibitory strength compared with continuous infusion. Feedback is negatively correlated with BMI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)235-249
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of the Endocrine Society
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019


  • bioavailable testosterone
  • body composition
  • feedback
  • human
  • LH

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism


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