Feasibility of High-Resolution Electrical Mapping for Characterizing Conduction Blocks Created by Gastric Ablation

Zahra Aghababaie, Chih Hsiang Alexander Chan, Niranchan Paskaranandavadivel, Arthur Beyder, Gianrico Farrugia, Samuel Asirvatham, Gregory O'Grady, Leo K. Cheng, Timothy R. Angeli

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

The interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) initiate, coordinate and propagate bioelectrical slow wave activity that drives gastric motility. In the healthy human stomach, slow wave activity is highly organized. Gastric motility disorders are associated with dysrhythmias. While ablation is widely used to treat cardiac dysrhythmias, this approach has yet to be trialed in the stomach. In this study, radiofrequency (RF) ablation was applied in pig stomachs in vivo to create targeted electrical conduction blocks. Ablations were performed at temperature control mode (55-70°C), and resultant conduction blocks were identified and verified using high-resolution electrical mapping. Termination of slow wave propagation at ablation sites was confirmed by a decrease in extracellular slow wave amplitude from 1.7 ± 0.2 mV to an undetectable amplitude, as well as spatiotemporal pattern analysis of conduction blocks. The use of high-resolution electrical mapping can now be employed to investigate ablation as a potential therapy for gastric dysrhythmias in motility disorders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2019 41st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2019
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages170-173
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9781538613115
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2019
Event41st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2019 - Berlin, Germany
Duration: Jul 23 2019Jul 27 2019

Publication series

NameProceedings of the Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS
ISSN (Print)1557-170X

Conference

Conference41st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2019
CountryGermany
CityBerlin
Period7/23/197/27/19

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Health Informatics

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Feasibility of High-Resolution Electrical Mapping for Characterizing Conduction Blocks Created by Gastric Ablation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this