The objective of this systematic review is to examine the feasibility and safety of autologous noncryopreserved stem-cell transplants. This technique avoids the cost of establishing and maintaining a cryopreservation facility and may be of value for transplant centers in regions with limited economic resources. The primary outcome was the graft failure rate. In addition, a detailed description of the high-dose therapy regimens employed was undertaken. Secondary outcomes were transplant-related mortality and neutrophil and platelet engraftments times. Sixteen well-conducted nonrandomized studies met the eligibility criteria. Only two cases of graft failure (0.36%) occurred among 560 assessable patients receiving high-dose therapy and autotransplant for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, Hodgkin's lymphoma, multiple myeloma, germ-cell tumors and acute leukemias. The most traditional high-dose schedules were used, although often modified to shorter regimens. High-dose melphalan appeared especially useful given its short half-life and was used to treat multiple myeloma by most groups. Secondary outcomes were comparable to those reported in the most relevant studies addressing standard (cryopreserved) autotransplant. According to this study, the use of autologous noncryopreserved hematopoietic progenitors to support patients undergoing high-dose therapy is feasible and safe.
- Liquid storage
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