BACKGROUND: A family history of stroke is an independent risk factor for stroke. OBJECTIVE: To assess whether severity of neurologic deficit after stroke is associated with a family history of stroke. METHODS: The Ischemic Stroke Genetics Study, a five-center study of first-ever symptomatic ischemic stroke, assessed case subjects prospectively for a family history of stroke-affected first-degree relatives. Certified adjudicators used the NIH Stroke Scale (NIHSS) to determine the severity of neurologic deficit. RESULTS: A total of 505 case subjects were enrolled (median age, 65 years; 55% male), with 81% enrolled within 1 week of onset of symptoms. A sibling history of stroke was associated with more severe stroke. The odds of an NIHSS score of 5 or higher were 2.0 times greater for cases with a sibling history of stroke compared with cases with no sibling history (95% CI, 1.0 to 3.9). An association of family history of stroke in parents or children with stroke severity was not detected. CONCLUSIONS: A sibling history of stroke increased the likelihood of a more severe stroke in the case subjects, independent of age, sex, and other potential confounding factors. Other family history characteristics were not associated with stroke severity.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|State||Published - Oct 2006|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology