Family History Associates With Increased Risk of Colorectal Cancer in Patients With Inflammatory Bowel Diseases

N. Jewel Samadder, John F. Valentine, Stephen Guthery, Harminder Singh, Charles N. Bernstein, Jonathan A. Leighton, Yuan Wan, Jathine Wong, Kenneth Boucher, Lisa Pappas, K. Rowe, Randall W. Burt, K. Curtin, K. R. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background & Aims: Individuals with inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) have an increased risk of developing colorectal cancer (CRC). Although family history of CRC is a well-established risk factor in healthy individuals, its role in patients with IBD is less clear. We aimed to estimate the risk of CRC in a cohort of patients with IBD from Utah and the significance of family history of CRC in a first-degree relative (FDR). Methods: We identified Utah residents with IBD, using the Intermountain Healthcare and University of Utah Health Sciences databases, from January 1, 1996, through December 31, 2011. CRCs were identified using the Utah Cancer Registry and linked to pedigrees from the Utah Population Database. CRC incidence was compared with that of the state population by standardized incidence ratios (SIRs). Results: A cohort of 9505 individuals with IBD was identified and 101 developed CRC during the study period. The SIR for CRC in patients with Crohn's disease was 3.4 (95% CI, 2.3–4.4), and in patients with ulcerative colitis was 5.2 (95% CI, 3.9–6.6). Patients with IBD and a concurrent diagnosis of primary sclerosing cholangitis had the greatest risk of CRC (SIR, 14.8; 95% CI, 8.3–21.2). A history of CRC in a FDR was associated with a nearly 8-fold increase in risk of CRC in patients with IBD (SIR, 7.9; 95% CI, 1.6–14.3), compared with the state population. Conclusions: Patients with IBD have a 3- to 5-fold increase in risk of CRC, and those with CRC in a FDR have an almost 8-fold increase in risk. Family history may act as a simple measure to identify individuals with IBD at highest risk for CRC and indicates the need for enhanced surveillance in this population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1807-1813.e1
JournalClinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Volume17
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2019

Keywords

  • Colitis-Associated Cancer
  • Colon Cancer
  • Genetics
  • PSC
  • SIRs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology

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    Samadder, N. J., Valentine, J. F., Guthery, S., Singh, H., Bernstein, C. N., Leighton, J. A., Wan, Y., Wong, J., Boucher, K., Pappas, L., Rowe, K., Burt, R. W., Curtin, K., & Smith, K. R. (2019). Family History Associates With Increased Risk of Colorectal Cancer in Patients With Inflammatory Bowel Diseases. Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology, 17(9), 1807-1813.e1. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cgh.2018.09.038