Familial 22q11.2 deletions in DiGeorge/velocardiofacial syndrome are predominantly smaller than the commonly observed 3Mb

Adewale Adeyinka, Kimberly J. Stockero, Heather C. Flynn, Cindy P. Lorentz, Rhett P. Ketterling, Syed M. Jalal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: DiGeorge/velocardiofacial syndrome (DG/VCFS) is the most common cytogenetically characterized microdeletion of 22q11.2 region. In ≈90% of patients, the deletion size is 3 Mb, whereas the remaining range from 1.5 to 2.5 Mb. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that small deletions may be more easily tolerated in a familial fashion than larger deletions, especially for this syndrome. Method: Sixteen FISH probes designed from bacterial artificial chromosomes (BACs) and P1 artificial chromosomes (PACs) mapped to 22q11.2 were used to determine the deletion sizes in 22 individuals from ten families with familial 22q11.2 deletion detected by standard FISH tests. Result: Seven families had deletions of < 3 Mb (≈1.5 Mb) in size and 3 families had the common 3-Mb deletion. The 70% frequency of smaller sized deletions among this group of patients with familial del(22)(q11.2) is significantly higher than that reported among unselected group of patients with del(22)(q11.2) (P < 0.0001, Fisher exact test). Conclusion: Familial del(22)(q11.2) are predominantly smaller than the common deletion size of 3 Mb, indicating that there may be some underlying mechanisms that favor parent-to-child transmission of smaller deletions in individuals with del(22)(q11.2), therefore, underscoring the need to exclude a familial basis in cases of del(22)(q11.2) smaller than 3 Mb.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)517-520
Number of pages4
JournalGenetics in Medicine
Volume6
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2004

Keywords

  • DiGeorge/velocardiofacial syndrome
  • Familial deletion 22q11.2
  • Predominantly small deletions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics(clinical)

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