Failure patterns correlate with the proportion of residual carcinoma after preoperatlve chemoradiotherapy for carcinoma of the esophagus

Pooja R. Rohatgi, Stephen G. Swisher, Arlene M. Correa, Tsung T. Wu, Zhongxing Liao, Ritsuko Komaki, Garrett Walsh, Ara Vaporciyan, Patrick M. Lynch, David C. Rice, Jack A. Roth, Jaffer A. Ajani

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98 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND. The current study was conducted to test the hypothesis that patterns of failure are correlated with the degree of residual carcinoma after preoperative chemoradiotherapy (CRT) in patients with esophageal carcinoma. METHODS. The authors analyzed the clinical characteristics of patients with carcinoma of the esophagus who underwent preoperative CRT. The residual carcinoma in the resected specimen was categorized into 3 groups (0%, 1-50%, and > 50%). The initial patterns of failure were analyzed according to these categories. RESULTS. Of the 235 patients who underwent CRT, 69 (29%) achieved a pathologic complete response (pathCR; Group A), 109 patients (46%) achieved a response but it was less than a pathCR (1-50% residual carcinoma; Group B), and 57 (24%) had no response (> 50% residual carcinoma; Group C). The time to locoregional recurrence was significantly longer for Group A compared with Group C (P = 0.05). The rate of distant metastases was significantly lower in Groups A and B compared with Group C (14% in Group A, 29% in Group B, and 33% in Group C; P = 0.03). The distant metastases-free survival was found to be significantly longer in Groups A and B compared with Group C (Group A vs. Group B, P = 0.01; Group A vs. Group C, P < 0.0001; and Group B vs. Group C, P = 0.03). A significantly higher proportion of patients in the responding groups (Groups A and B) had no disease recurrence compared with Group C (81% in Group A, 67% in Group B, and 61% in Group C; P = 0.04). The overall survival and disease-free survival were found to be significantly longer in Groups A and B compared with Group C. CONCLUSIONS. Data from the current study demonstrate that the proportion of residual carcinoma after preoperative CRT is significantly correlated with patterns of locoregional and distant failure. Future investigations should focus on reducing the proportion of residual carcinoma and metastatic disease progression in patients with esophageal carcinoma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1349-1355
Number of pages7
JournalCancer
Volume104
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2005

Keywords

  • Correlation
  • Esophageal carcinoma
  • Failure patterns
  • Preoperative chemoradiotherapy
  • Residual carcinoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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    Rohatgi, P. R., Swisher, S. G., Correa, A. M., Wu, T. T., Liao, Z., Komaki, R., Walsh, G., Vaporciyan, A., Lynch, P. M., Rice, D. C., Roth, J. A., & Ajani, J. A. (2005). Failure patterns correlate with the proportion of residual carcinoma after preoperatlve chemoradiotherapy for carcinoma of the esophagus. Cancer, 104(7), 1349-1355. https://doi.org/10.1002/cncr.21346