Failure of exercise to increase high density lipoprotein cholesterol

Thomas G. Allison, Richard M. Iammarino, Kenneth F. Metz, Gary S. Skrinar, Lewis H. Kuller, Robert J. Robertson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Eight weeks of endurance exercise (jogging) resulted in a decrease in serum high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) in a group of 25 men and 23 women, aged 17 to 26 years. Subjects were recruited from personal fitness classes and randomized into four groups according to sex and length of exercise session: Either 30 (E1) or 45 (E2) minutes. A control group was recruited from light activity classes (golf, archery, tension control) judged to include no endurance exercise. Maximal oxygen uptake (VO<inf>2</inf> max) increased significantly in all four exercise groups, in relation to the amount of exercise performed: From 49.9 to 52.7 ml/kg min in male E1; from 51.8 to 56.4 ml/kg min in male E2; from 36.0 to 39.7 ml/kg min in female E1; and from 38.8 to 43.6 ml/kg min in female E2. Controls were unchanged. HDL-C, on the other hand, decreased in all exercise groups, without apparent relationship to the amount of training or the change in VO<inf>2</inf> max: From 57.4 to 50.5 mg/100 ml in male E1; from 59.9 to 53.8 mg/100 ml in male E2; from 62.0 to 57.1 mg/100 ml in female E1; from 66.4 to 61.6 mg/100 ml in female E2. Total cholesterol and triglycerides were not significantly affected by exercise. However, in the subgroup of subjects whose HDL-C levels did increase, triglycerides decreased. Results indicate that the response of HDL-C to exercise in men and women is similar. Also, running three times each week for 30 to 45 minutes in reasonably fit, young subjects appears to further increase VO<inf>2</inf> max, but not HDL-C.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)257-265
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Cardiac Rehabilitation
Volume1
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1981
Externally publishedYes

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HDL Cholesterol
Exercise
Triglycerides
Jogging
Golf
Running
Cholesterol
Oxygen
Light
Control Groups
Serum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation

Cite this

Allison, T. G., Iammarino, R. M., Metz, K. F., Skrinar, G. S., Kuller, L. H., & Robertson, R. J. (1981). Failure of exercise to increase high density lipoprotein cholesterol. Journal of Cardiac Rehabilitation, 1(4), 257-265.

Failure of exercise to increase high density lipoprotein cholesterol. / Allison, Thomas G.; Iammarino, Richard M.; Metz, Kenneth F.; Skrinar, Gary S.; Kuller, Lewis H.; Robertson, Robert J.

In: Journal of Cardiac Rehabilitation, Vol. 1, No. 4, 1981, p. 257-265.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Allison, TG, Iammarino, RM, Metz, KF, Skrinar, GS, Kuller, LH & Robertson, RJ 1981, 'Failure of exercise to increase high density lipoprotein cholesterol', Journal of Cardiac Rehabilitation, vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 257-265.
Allison TG, Iammarino RM, Metz KF, Skrinar GS, Kuller LH, Robertson RJ. Failure of exercise to increase high density lipoprotein cholesterol. Journal of Cardiac Rehabilitation. 1981;1(4):257-265.
Allison, Thomas G. ; Iammarino, Richard M. ; Metz, Kenneth F. ; Skrinar, Gary S. ; Kuller, Lewis H. ; Robertson, Robert J. / Failure of exercise to increase high density lipoprotein cholesterol. In: Journal of Cardiac Rehabilitation. 1981 ; Vol. 1, No. 4. pp. 257-265.
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