Background: Little information exists to help colon and rectal surgery residency programs determine which factors applicants find important when selecting a training program. Our aim was to identify factors applicants find pertinent in the selection of their desired colon and rectal surgery residency program. Methods: After the 2016 and 2017 National Resident Matching Program (The Match), a 58-question anonymous web-based survey was sent to all trainees who applied to our colon and rectal surgery residency program to determine factors applicants find important in selecting colon and rectal surgery residency training programs. Results: Of 196 invitation emails sent, a total of five were returned with unidentifiable addresses leaving 191 surveys for possible completion. The survey response rate was 62.8% (n = 120). The top 10 areas identified as strongly to moderately influential in residency program selection included faculty experience, balanced training, operative volume, operative complexity, autonomy, faculty reputation, employment opportunities, Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education index case volumes, office/clinic complexity, and current resident/fellow input. Conclusions: Multiple elements were identified as strongly to moderately influential when selecting a training program. Training programs can use these named factors for resident recruitment, development, and self-assessment.
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