Summary Objective To determine the outcome of implanting fewer electrodes over the hemisphere with less supporting presurgical localizing data.
Methods We retrospectively reviewed our epilepsy surgery database at Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, between January 1, 1999, and December 31, 2011, to identify patients who had an asymmetric number of electrode contacts implanted in each hemisphere for seizure localization. We scored each presurgical noninvasive data point (0, 0.5, or 1) to predict the likelihood of identifying seizure onset in the hemisphere with fewer intracranial electrode contacts (HFEC). An aggregate score was obtained for each patient.
Results Thirteen (37%) of 35 patients had HFEC-onset seizures on intracranial electroencephalography (iEEG). The following factors predicted HFEC-onset seizures: (1) temporal lobe epilepsy (p = 0.02); (2) interictal scalp electroencephalographic discharges at the HFEC (p = 0.04); and (3) both interictal and ictal scalp EEG discharges at the HFEC (p = 0.01). The median (range) aggregate score was 2 (1-3) for patients with HFEC-onset seizures recorded on iEEG and 1 (0-3) for patients without HFEC-onset seizures (p = 0.001). Using this scoring model, the odds ratio of identifying HFEC-onset seizures on iEEG was 6.4 for each one-point increment in the aggregate score. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve for this model was 0.84, suggesting excellent ability of the aggregate score to discriminate between patients with and without HFEC-onset seizures on iEEG.
Significance Implanting electrodes on the basis of limited supporting presurgical data may be useful in selected patients, especially those with temporal lobe epilepsy, interictal scalp discharges involving the HFEC, or both interictal and ictal scalp discharges involving the HFEC. In addition, our proposed scoring system may be helpful in selecting patients with complicated epilepsy for implantation of an asymmetric number of intracranial electrodes in the hemispheres.
- Epilepsy surgery
- Intracranial electroencephalography
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology