Factors associated with weight changes in successful quitters participating in a smoking cessation program

Alexandra Kmetova, Eva Kralikova, Lenka Stepankova, Kamila Zvolska, Milan Blaha, Michal Sticha, Zbynek Bortlicek, Darrell R. Schroeder, Ivana T. Croghan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To identify possible predictors of post-cessation weight gain in smoking abstainers. Patients and methods: A sample of 607 successful abstainers seen at the Centre for Tobacco-Dependent in Prague, Czech Republic, between 2005 and 2010, was included in this analysis. This sample was followed up for 1. year and included 47.9% women (N. =291) with the mean age of 48. years (18-85). Findings: Post-cessation weight gain occurred in 88.6% of the 607 abstainers. The mean weight gain after one year post-quit was 5.1. kg (95% confidence interval 4.7-5.5. kg). Baseline characteristics associated with increased weight gain included a higher baseline smoking rate (p. <. 0.001), more severe cigarette dependence (p. =0.003), less physical activity (p. =0.008), and a report of increased appetite on the baseline assessment of withdrawal symptoms (p. <. 0.001). Conclusions: Smokers who are more dependent and have minimal physical activity are at increased risk for post-cessation weight gain. For these smokers, incorporating interventions targeting the weight issue into tobacco dependence treatment is recommended. Further research should be done to identify reasons for this important quitting complication.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)239-245
Number of pages7
JournalAddictive Behaviors
Volume39
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

Keywords

  • Post-cessation
  • Smoking
  • Weight gain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Toxicology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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    Kmetova, A., Kralikova, E., Stepankova, L., Zvolska, K., Blaha, M., Sticha, M., Bortlicek, Z., Schroeder, D. R., & Croghan, I. T. (2014). Factors associated with weight changes in successful quitters participating in a smoking cessation program. Addictive Behaviors, 39(1), 239-245. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2013.10.010