Factors associated with weight changes in successful quitters participating in a smoking cessation program

Alexandra Kmetova, Eva Kralikova, Lenka Stepankova, Kamila Zvolska, Milan Blaha, Michal Sticha, Zbynek Bortlicek, Darrell R. Schroeder, Ivana T Croghan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To identify possible predictors of post-cessation weight gain in smoking abstainers. Patients and methods: A sample of 607 successful abstainers seen at the Centre for Tobacco-Dependent in Prague, Czech Republic, between 2005 and 2010, was included in this analysis. This sample was followed up for 1. year and included 47.9% women (N. =291) with the mean age of 48. years (18-85). Findings: Post-cessation weight gain occurred in 88.6% of the 607 abstainers. The mean weight gain after one year post-quit was 5.1. kg (95% confidence interval 4.7-5.5. kg). Baseline characteristics associated with increased weight gain included a higher baseline smoking rate (p. <. 0.001), more severe cigarette dependence (p. =0.003), less physical activity (p. =0.008), and a report of increased appetite on the baseline assessment of withdrawal symptoms (p. <. 0.001). Conclusions: Smokers who are more dependent and have minimal physical activity are at increased risk for post-cessation weight gain. For these smokers, incorporating interventions targeting the weight issue into tobacco dependence treatment is recommended. Further research should be done to identify reasons for this important quitting complication.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)239-245
Number of pages7
JournalAddictive Behaviors
Volume39
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2014

Fingerprint

Tobacco
Smoking Cessation
Weight Gain
Weights and Measures
Tobacco Products
Smoking
Exercise
Tobacco Use Disorder
Substance Withdrawal Syndrome
Czech Republic
Appetite
Confidence Intervals
Research

Keywords

  • Post-cessation
  • Smoking
  • Weight gain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Toxicology
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Factors associated with weight changes in successful quitters participating in a smoking cessation program. / Kmetova, Alexandra; Kralikova, Eva; Stepankova, Lenka; Zvolska, Kamila; Blaha, Milan; Sticha, Michal; Bortlicek, Zbynek; Schroeder, Darrell R.; Croghan, Ivana T.

In: Addictive Behaviors, Vol. 39, No. 1, 01.2014, p. 239-245.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kmetova, A, Kralikova, E, Stepankova, L, Zvolska, K, Blaha, M, Sticha, M, Bortlicek, Z, Schroeder, DR & Croghan, IT 2014, 'Factors associated with weight changes in successful quitters participating in a smoking cessation program', Addictive Behaviors, vol. 39, no. 1, pp. 239-245. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2013.10.010
Kmetova, Alexandra ; Kralikova, Eva ; Stepankova, Lenka ; Zvolska, Kamila ; Blaha, Milan ; Sticha, Michal ; Bortlicek, Zbynek ; Schroeder, Darrell R. ; Croghan, Ivana T. / Factors associated with weight changes in successful quitters participating in a smoking cessation program. In: Addictive Behaviors. 2014 ; Vol. 39, No. 1. pp. 239-245.
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