Purpose: To evaluate eye-related quality of life (ER-QOL) and functional vision in children wearing glasses using the Pediatric Eye Questionnaire (PedEyeQ). Methods: Children 5-17 years of age with normal visual acuity who wore glasses for correction of refractive error and with no other eye condition or treatment and control subjects who did not wear glasses, along with 1 parent for each child, were prospectively enrolled. Children completed the Child 5-11 or 12-17 PedEyeQ (four domains); parents completed the Proxy 5-11 or 12-17 questionnaires (perceived effect on child; five domains) and also the Parent questionnaire (effect on parent themselves; four domains). Each domain was Rasch-scored (converted to 0-100), and scores between groups were compared. Results: A total of 40 subjects and 99 non-glasses-wearing controls, along with 1 parent for each child, were included. Children 5-11 and 12-17 years of age who wore glasses had lower PedEyeQ scores across all domains compared with controls (mean differences, −6 to −15; P ≤ 0.04 for each domain). Proxy scores were also lower for glasses wearers across age groups and domains (mean differences, −4 to −18; P ≤ 0.02), and Parent scores were lower for parents of children wearing glasses (mean differences, −6 to −18; P < 0.001 for each domain). Conclusions: In this study, glasses wearers had reduced ER-QOL and functional vision compared with control subjects. Parents of children wearing glasses also experience reduced quality of life.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health